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Food Room

a place for talking about food, specially Kurdish food recipes

Re: Food Room

PostAuthor: Anthea » Sun Oct 13, 2019 2:54 am

How Do Frequencies
Work for Cancer?

Cancer is a group of diseases related to the uncontrolled growth and spread of abnormal cells. Globally, about 1 in 6 deaths is due to cancer. Research has found that viruses, bacteria, and parasites contribute to Cancer. Killing these bad organisms can help the natural healing of the body

So, how can we kill these organisms? The answer may surprise you.

An opera singer can use his or her voice to shatter a crystal glass. The glass has a natural vibrating frequency. When the opera singer sings at that same frequency, the glass shatters. In fact, everything has a natural vibrating frequency. It is called the resonant frequency.

Pathogens like bacteria and viruses also have resonant frequencies. If you transmit more of this same frequency to the microorganism, it causes structural stresses, and the pathogen is disabled or simply explodes like the crystal glass. Other organisms are not harmed, because they resonate at different frequencies.

By using frequencies, we can selectively kill the organisms which cause cancer.

But how can we safely send frequencies into the body?

A Rife machine can send powerful healing waves through the body by using a plasma tube as an aerial. Rife machines are frequency devices invented by Dr Royal Rife. In 1934, Rife put his machines to the test.

The University of Southern California appointed a Special Medical Research Committee to bring 16 terminally ill patients from Pasadena County Hospital to a San Diego lab and clinic for treatment. The team included doctors and pathologists assigned to examine cadavers and any patients still alive after 90 days. The first 14 patients recovered in just 70 days, and the remaining two recovered three weeks later. Incredibly, the patients only required two 3-minute sessions per week to achieve total recovery.

Thanks largely to the success of this trial, Rife machines were used by doctors for a short period of time. These doctors reported that patients with cancer, tuberculosis, syphilis, and many other infections were healed completely after only a few weeks of Rife treatments.

Dr. Couche reported rapid recovery of tuberculosis and chronic sinus infections. Dr. Arthur Yale used his Rife machine to heal his patients from syphilis, cancer, tuberculosis, and many other infections. Dr Butterfield reported stunning results for a multitude of diseases.

These amazing results were through the power of resonance. ... 2CJ9IWRC58
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Re: Food Room



Re: Food Room

PostAuthor: Anthea » Sun Oct 13, 2019 2:58 am

The Ultimate Guide
to Rife Machine

A Rife Machine uses the principles of Royal Rife, a brilliant scientist who lived during the last century. He discovered that micro-organisms can be destroyed using frequencies

He performed thousands of experiments, each proving that cancer has a viral cause, and that damaging this virus usually resulted in a cure.

As a final test, the University of Southern California appointed a Special Medical Research Committee to bring terminal cancer patients from Pasadena County Hospital to a San Diego lab and clinic for treatment. The team included doctors and pathologists assigned to examine cadavers and any patients still alive in 90 days.

After 90 days, the Committee found that 86.5% of the patients had been cured. The treatment was then adjusted, and the remaining patients also responded within four weeks. The total recovery rate was 100%.

Nicola Tesla said that if you wish to understand the Universe, think of Energy, Frequency, and Vibration.

Everything in the universe has a vibrating frequency, properly called a resonant frequency.

How does a Rife machine work? The theory, in plain English, can be understood using the analogy of an opera singer who can shatter a crystal glass with her voice. The glass is naturally vibrating at a certain frequency, and when the singer sings a continuous note at that frequency, the glass shatters.

In the same way, each microorganism (fungi, bacteria, virus, parasite, amoeba, mold, etc.) has a unique and specific frequency (or Mortal Oscillatory Rate). When you transmit more of this same frequency to the microorganism, it causes structural stress, and the pathogen is disabled or dies. Rife resonators generate resonance waves that destroy harmful pathogenic organisms without doing any harm to the users.

Cancer is a group of diseases related to the uncontrolled growth and spread of abnormal cells. Globally, about 1 in 6 deaths is due to cancer. Research has found that viruses, bacteria, and parasites contribute to Cancer. Killing these bad organisms can help the natural healing of the body.

Pathogens like bacteria and viruses have resonant frequencies. If you transmit more of this same frequency to the microorganism, it causes structural stresses, and the pathogen is disabled or simply explodes like the crystal glass. Other organisms are not harmed, because they resonate at different frequencies.

By using frequencies, we can selectively kill the organisms which cause cancer.

How Much Does A Rife Machine Cost?

Rife machines are generally expensive. A common Rife generator can cost over $2,000. More advanced ones can cost much more. Not many people can afford these machines.

We wanted to give the world a Rife machine that everyone can easily afford. So Spooky2 was born. It is the most highly advanced and versatile Rife machine in the world. Spooky2 was developed over the past 6 years by an international team of electronics engineers, technical designers, software developers, and Rife practitioners. All determined to eliminate disease.

We charge nothing for the Spooky2 software. It has the largest database in the world, and it continues to grow. You can download Spooky2 software and use it for your own research. You don’t even need to spend any money. You can create your own audio frequencies and use them in your therapies. For free.

Spooky2 can get you started on Rifing for only $331.19. For this price, you can do all three effective transmission modes, which are contact, remote, and cold laser. You will also be able to perform biofeedback scans on your body, to discover the frequencies your body needs to get well.

Why Rife Was Able to Identify Frequencies We Have Trouble Finding Today?

Frequencies using microscopes such a long time ago, but we find it difficult today?

Rife invented a microscope capable of magnifications of 31,000 times. He could resolve and see viruses and bacteria no one else could, and while it was alive and moving. He could then apply frequencies to the pathogens and watch them die. Even today, we struggle to match the resolution achieved by Royal Rife’s microscopes.

So how did Rife design such a powerful microscope?

He understood how to build a microscope that separated light into distinct frequency bands, carried by oil not air, and then re-constituted it for viewing - surpassing the limitation of optical techniques which are still used today. It was by this very feat that he realized that the microbes he was viewing were too small to be stained. The stain was bigger than the bug. So he found a way to make them glow using specific bands of light. Then the thought occurred to him; if he could make them glow with a frequency of light, maybe he could kill them with frequencies as well. The rest is history. Electron Microscopes long ago surpassed the 60,000 magnification that Rife achieved, but they kill the subject in the process. Not terribly useful if you are trying to observe live subjects.

Golden Rule of Rifing

Any living thing that lives in or on you, that consumes your energy or resources, and that confers no benefit upon you in exchange, is a parasite. This includes insects, fungi, bacteria, and viruses.

It may surprise you to learn that, with the possible exception of viruses, all parasites themselves have parasites. Viruses and spirochetes can parasitize bacteria. Fungi can parasitize larger fungi, bacteria, and insects. Insects can harbour many different types of parasites internally and on the surface of their bodies.

Understandably, insect infestation sufferers wish to be rid of their pests the moment they get their hands on a Rife system, but care must be taken.

When you kill hundreds of thousands of large parasites like mites ("large" by comparison with bacteria), you're leaving all their internal and external parasites alive. When the insect bodies break down, all those living fungi, bacteria, and viruses are released into your bloodstream.

And now you're in big trouble. Since you've just killed their hosts of choice, you will have to take their place. You've just given your already-overburdened immune system a few million extra headaches to deal with. So the rule when Rifing is this: Work from smallest to largest.

When you finally get to kill your biggest parasites, you will already have killed everything they might have otherwise unleashed.

Don’t worry if you don’t know how to work from smallest to largest, we set it for you in the Terrain protocol of Spooky2 software. If you’re interested in this biggest Rife frequency database in the world, download Spooky2 software here for free.

Does a Rife Machine Cause Harm to Normal Body Cells?

No. Human body cells respond to a much higher frequency than those produced by a Rife machine and do not resonate to the frequencies produced by a Rife machine.

Many researchers who have worked with Rife type machines have been exposed to Rife frequencies for extended periods over many years without suffering any apparent ill effects. Many of the early researchers from Rife’s time lived longer than average for their generation.

Many people think that more power is better. Greater consideration must be placed on precision. The pathogens that are being targeted are microscopic in size and do not require much power to be disabled. Rife machines that boast high power outputs may have the potential to cause harm.

Why Does My Health Initially Feel Worse When I Use a Rife Machine?

When Rife machines kill germs, the cells often burst open. This is a good thing because the germs can no longer multiply. However, any poisons that are contained within the cell are released.

Running detox frequencies often has a similar result. All of us have built-up toxicity in our bodies, acquired over many years of neglect. Detox frequencies are designed to release these toxins into the bloodstream for subsequent removal.

Our bodies have several natural mechanisms to remove these poisons, but it takes a while to eliminate all the toxins and debris. During this time we often have symptoms that include a flu-like condition, heavy perspiration and night sweats, fever, with or without chills, headaches, malaise, diarrhea, nausea and vomiting, pain in joints and bones, and itching, flushing, and reddening of the skin.

Do not be alarmed or put off if this happens. It is a great sign that the programs you have chosen are doing their work. Continue using Spooky2 Rife Machine until your symptoms subside. You can always give yourself a break for a day or two, and resume treatment at a later date when you feel stronger. Shorter treatment times can also reduce your symptoms. What’s more, we also have programs to support your detox organs and ease all the loads.

Also, make sure you have a lot of distilled water or lemon juice every day for detoxing.
Just as your health issue didn't happen overnight, you should not expect an instant recovery. It takes time to gradually kill off undesirable micro-organisms, and remove all the undesirables from your body. But it is always worth your effort.

Why Choose Spooky2 Rife Machine?

Spooky2 is the most Effective and Affordable Rife treatment system available today. Free software updates and the world’s largest frequency database ensure Spooky2 will always be superior. But there are many more reasons to choose Spooky2.

From the beginning, Spooky2 has provided a convenient way for people to treat themselves without being tethered to a machine. Spooky2 Remote transmits healing frequencies using quantum entanglement. It sounds like something out of Star Trek, but it’s real science, and it works astonishingly well.

But Spooky2 offers many other ways of applying frequencies. Contact mode options include TENS pads, silver gloves, socks, bands, internal electrode, and hand cylinders.

Other methods are cold laser and PEMF. Spooky2 offers all these accessories. There’s even a Spooky2 speaker for audio frequency entrainment for healing.

Spooky2’s flexibility is astounding. You can make superior colloidal silver with minimum effort. As if this isn’t enough, it can also function as a powerful Clark zapper - with Spectrum zapping as an added bonus. Spooky2 can also be used as a foot tub detox Rife system, and even to eradicate insect pests and molds in the home.

Today’s ultimate Rife machine is Spooky2 Plasma, which can apply Royal Rife’s original frequencies directly without a carrier. It’s the only machine we know of that can transmit frequencies of up to 3.5 MHz without needing any wasteful and potentially harmful fixed carrier frequency.

Many modern plasma machines are built using radio transmission methods, which is why a carrier is necessary. Spooky2 Plasma is different. Combining the original concepts of Royal Rife with modern components, Spooky2 Plasma wastes no power in creating and transmitting detrimental carrier frequencies.

All plasma devices require high voltages to light the tube. Many manufacturers do not concern themselves with the inherent dangers. Spooky2 Plasma uses 50,000 volt cable, and the connections to the tube have been designed for maximum user safety.

Spooky2 also has a well-developed biofeedback system. Biofeedback scans find the right frequencies for the pathogens in your body. The correct frequencies can work miracles.

Biofeedback scans send frequencies into your body, and monitors the results of this. As this sweep is being transmitted, it will stress, injure or kill pathogens. Your body registers these events as stresses, and each one is clearly recorded.

Spooky2 has two ways of doing biofeedback scans; Spooky2 Pulse and Spooky2 GeneratorX.

Spooky2 Pulse is a cardiac monitor capable of detecting the most minute changes in pulse rate. As the scan sweep progresses, Spooky2 correlates each stress event with the exact frequency that caused it. In Rife, this is called a “hit”. The frequencies which caused these are assembled into a program you can save and use to treat the problems found.

GeneratorX changes the rules for biofeedback entirely. During a biofeedback scan, GeneratorX records how the electrical signal behaves. A brief change in the electrical pattern shows that a hit was detected. A biofeedback scan which takes an hour with Spooky2 Pulse now takes just about 6 minutes.

GX uses state-of-the-art components and ingenious circuit design to accurately monitor the current and phase angle of signals all the way up to 40 MHz. So you can really see what is happening in your body. What’s more, GX can use biological samples (saliva, blood, urine, etc.) with the Spooky2 Sample Digitizer to do biofeedback scans. This enables you to perform remote biofeedback scans. You are not required to be connected by wires, and biofeedback accuracy is enhanced.
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Re: Food Room

PostAuthor: Anthea » Wed Oct 23, 2019 1:49 am

Cold or Flu? 9 Ways
to Tell the Difference

The flu season is in full swing, and preparation is your key to staying healthy. Unfortunately, despite your best efforts, the flu can still strike. If it does, early detection and appropriate responses are essential to treating this draining bug. One problem: How do you know if you actually have the flu?

“There are many infections that could present [themselves] like the flu,” Sherif Mossad, M.D., staff physician in Cleveland Clinic’s Department of Infectious Disease, told “Many things in their early stage can be mistaken for the flu, but there are other factors that need to be accounted.”

Dr. Mossad said the only way to know for certain if your sickness is the flu is through a flu test, but there are some identifiable signs that could mean you need to see a doctor, and some signs that you likely don’t have the flu.

“Some [similar conditions] occur in the summer, which is an atypical time for influenza to occur in the Northern Hemisphere,” he said. “In late summer, flu has not circulated yet. Usually it starts in younger people, in schools, in early-mid fall until April… with the peak coming in late December to late January.”

Time of year and the corresponding weather conditions are just some of the many ways to distinguish between the flu and other conditions.

Signs of the flu start with a simple acronym: FACTS, said Dr. Mossad.

The ‘F’ stands for fever.

    “Fever would be very high with the flu, but nonexistent with a cold,” said Dr. Mossad.

    Of course, a high fever doesn’t automatically mean the flu.

    “You can have pneumonia, a severe urinary tract infection, [etc.],” said Dr. Mossad. “All these things can cause high fever, but they have different symptoms.”

    If you’re deciding between the flu and a cold, a fever means you likely have the flu.
The ‘A’ stands for aches:

    Aches are another likely sign that your discomfort is flu-related, and not just a cold.

    While this might occur with a cold, the key is that this symptom occurs right away, and not after days of already feeling sick.
The ‘C' stands for chills:.

    Dr. Mossad also warns about chills as a likely symptom of the flu.

    Because chills can be the result of a fever — a sign not associated with colds — this symptom helps differentiate between a cold and the flu.

    Chills, along with a high fever, are an important sign that you need to see a doctor before your condition worsens.
The ‘T' stands for tiredness:.

    If a cold keeps you up at night and disrupts your quality of sleep, it’s likely that tiredness is a symptom of your condition.

    As Dr. Mossad reminded, “there is always some overlap.”

    But, like aches and pains, a sudden onset of fatigue is more likely associated with the flu than a cold. Similar to other symptoms that occur with both colds and flu, timing and intensity are important in distinguishing between the two conditions.
A runny or stuffy nose likely means you have a cold rather than the flu.

While these symptoms might also be present with the flu, other symptoms like a cough or fever are much more likely

Even if you have the worst cold in the world, it probably won’t feel as bad as having the flu. If you aren’t sure which symptoms are exclusive to a cold or the flu, determining how intense they are can be is an easy way to tell which condition you have.

Even though several cold and flu symptoms overlap, if they appear abruptly with extreme intensity, you likely have the flu. The flu is a serious condition. So while a cold might feel awful, it doesn’t match the intensity of the flu.

Flu symptoms are incapacitating and intense, but cold symptoms are better described as uncomfortable or annoying.

A runny nose might not sound like fun, and a sore throat might sound even worse, but it probably wouldn’t stop you from seeing your favorite band in concert. Flu symptoms, on the other hand, could make just getting out of bed feel like a chore.

“Colds are treated with a decongestant or ibuprofen,” said Dr. Mossad. “[And] sore throats can be treated with inhaling vapor.”

These over-the-counter remedies can do wonders for your cold, and help get you through the day. If taking these makes you feel better, you likely don’t have the flu, which would require much more intense drugs. ... 140925#/10
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Re: Food Room

PostAuthor: Anthea » Mon Nov 04, 2019 5:07 pm

How to Go Vegan:
Key Info & Essential Advice

People commonly assume that going vegan requires enormous discipline and dedication. Luckily, nothing could be further from the truth

Switching to a vegan diet is surprisingly easy—and just a little reading puts you halfway there. Most new vegans end up being shocked by how little effort the transition takes. By the time you finish this short guide, you’ll be well on your way.

Let’s start by looking at how to construct a smart overall approach. The most obvious way to become vegan is to focus on eliminating animal products from your diet. Surprisingly, however, this method of transitioning is needlessly difficult. The truth is that gritting your teeth and exerting willpower makes the task of becoming vegan needlessly difficult. So let’s look at a better way.

Go Vegan by Crowding, Not Cutting

Instead of trying to cut animal products out of your diet, crowd them out. Constantly seek out new vegan foods. Every time you discover one you adore, it’ll push the animal-based foods in your life further to the fringes. The more vegan foods you sample, the easier it becomes to eat vegan most of the time.

So cultivate the habit of trying new foods at every opportunity. The payoff is huge, and the commitment required is tiny. Just make a point of sampling at least five new vegan foods each week, and you’ll discover a steady stream of foods you love. Week by week, these items will begin crowding out the animal products that are currently in your diet. Before long, anytime you get hungry the first food that comes to mind will be vegan.

You’ll Find a Vast Assortment of Delicious Vegan Foods

Does going vegan mean you’ll need to spend loads of time in the kitchen? Absolutely not. You’ll be amazed by how many instant and near-instant options exist. Our list of easy vegan foods contains a ton of delicious items you’ll want to try.

Once you’ve checked the above list, here are our top additional vegan resources to help you discover fantastic new foods:

    Vegan Cooking Guide
    Vegan-Friendly Cuisines
    Grocery Items
    Vegan Foods—Our Ultimate Roundup
    Vegan Alternatives to Meat, Dairy, and Egg-Based foods
This guide will take you a long way in learning how to go vegan. And if you read the material at the above links, it’ll make your transition even easier.

How Fast Should You Go?

Since a key part of learning how to go vegan involves discovering new foods, you’re always in control of how fast or slow you go. You certainly don’t need to go vegan all at once. Some people do it overnight, while others ease into it over months or even years. How fast you go is not nearly as important as whether the approach you take feels easy and comfortable.

Use whatever stepping-stones work for you. The goal, after all, is not just to go vegan but to stay vegan long-term. You want fill your diet with delicious vegan foods that you’re delighted to eat every day.

Dipping in Your Toe

Some people get intimidated by the thought of becoming absolutely, positively vegan—with no room for slips or exceptions. If making a 100 percent commitment sounds too much for you right now, no problem. There are always smaller steps that still accomplish a great deal of good.

One of America’s most influential food writers, Mark Bittman, has long followed what he calls a “Vegan Before 6:00,” approach. That is, he follows a totally vegan diet from morning through afternoon, and then eats whatever he likes for dinner and the rest of the evening. Bittman’s approach can easily get you past the halfway point towards becoming vegan. Simply by following Vegan Before 6:00, you’ll doubtless eat far fewer animal products than most people. If this approach sounds appealing, you can get ahold of Bittman’s book on the topic.

Consider a Temporary Commitment

Or perhaps the idea of trying out a vegan diet sounds easy enough, but you’re not ready to commit to this change for life. No worries—why not eliminate all that pressure by giving a vegan diet a three-week test-drive? One great benefit this approach is that it’ll put you well on your way to forming a lasting habit. There’s nothing like trying out a vegan diet for a few weeks to get a first-hand look at how it really feels. The experience will put you in a great position to evaluate how well a plant-based lifestyle works for you.

And never forget: week after week, following a vegan diet just keeps getting easier. The more vegan foods you try, the easier it becomes to avoid animal products. Nearly every long-term vegan you’ll meet will tell you their transition went much easier than expected.

Books on How to Go Vegan

You could certainly figure out how to be vegan without reading a single book on the topic, but why make things needlessly difficult? Just a little reading delivers an enormous payoff.

Nothing about going vegan is all that challenging, but it’s inescapable that you’ll need to make changes to the way you shop, cook, dine out, and so forth. Perhaps the best book on the topic, and certainly the most inviting one, is Kristy Turner’s But I Could Never Go Vegan! Not only is Turner’s book a super-friendly introduction, but it also contains 125 really good recipes, all of which are quick and easy to make. And her book is jam-packed with beautiful food photos, which will doubtless inspire you to get cooking.

If you want a free book that covers the same ground, you can read my Ultimate Vegan Guide online right here at You really can’t go wrong with any book that is devoted to explaining how to go vegan. They’ll all teach you in just a few hours all sorts of things that would take you months or years to discover on your own.

The greater your motivation, the easier you will find the transition. Books or films about dietary choices and animal agribusiness can greatly increase your commitment. So check out our recommended books and movies pages.

Vegan Nutrition

Any doubts that a vegan diet can provide adequate nutrition have long since been put to rest. In its position paper on the topic, The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics affirms that a properly planned vegan diet can meet nutritional needs at every stage of life, including during childhood, old age, and pregnancy. Not only do millions of people thrive on a vegan diet, some of the world’s most accomplished athletes are longtime vegans.

That said, vegans and meat eaters alike often exhibit alarming lapses in their knowledge of nutrition. And unfortunately these lapses cannot be remedied through indiscriminate reading. Many books and articles that cover vegan nutrition are full of misinformation. If you follow nutritional guidance that is fundamentally wrong, you can put your health at serious risk.

So at all costs, make sure the first material you read about vegan nutrition comes from reliable sources. Perhaps the best introduction to the topic is our Vegan Nutrition Guide, This guide was written by Virginia Messina, MPH RD, who is one of the world’s top experts on vegan nutrition.

For a deeper exploration of vegan nutrition, check out Jack Norris and Virginia Messina’s Vegan for Life. This book offers comprehensive information about vegan diets, including specific guidance for pregnancy, adolescence, fitness training, and old age.

Are Supplements Necessary?

Even the briefest study of vegan nutrition should convince you to find a reliable and regular source of B-12. This crucial vitamin isn’t found in unsupplemented vegan foods. The easiest way to make sure you’re getting enough B-12 is to take a sublingual B-12 tablet every two or three days. The consequences of B-12 deficiency are dire and potentially irreversible, so please don’t take any chances with this crucial nutrient. An inexpensive B-12 supplement will satisfy your needs for an entire year for about $10.

Vitamin D, omega 3 fatty acids, calcium, iodine, and iron are other nutrients that may require extra attention from vegans. Check out our Vitamin and Supplements Guide for coverage of these nutrients.

Buying Vegan Groceries

People wondering how to go vegan might assume that most of the work involves making new choices about cooking and dining out. But neither of these topics are as important as grocery shopping.

If you’re going to change the foods you eat, that obviously necessitates changing the foods you buy. So why not learn how to bump your grocery shopping skills up a notch? Let’s look over that information now.

Natural Food Stores & Supermarkets

Every supermarket offers sufficient foods for a diverse vegan diet (beans, rice, pasta, hummus, soy milk, fruits, vegetables, etc.) Often, though, there are better places to buy these foods. When it comes to offering a wide variety of delicious vegan foods, a good natural food store blows away nearly every supermarket.

Natural food stores are unjustly maligned for being expensive. But that need not be the case if you comparison shop. In fact, where healthful foods are concerned, natural food stores often offer much better prices than supermarkets. That’s because supermarkets tend to sell their health foods at list price, whereas many natural food stores strive to offer competitive prices.

There’s a handy way to judge the quality of a natural foods store at a glance. Just compare the size of the produce section to the vitamins section. That’ll tell you which stores are sincere about their effort to offer healthful food, rather than just cashing in on high-margin pills.

As vegan and plant-based eating has gained popularity, many supermarkets have responded by devoting entire sections of their stores to natural foods. Some supermarkets do a great job on selection and price, while others don’t.

The Best Deals at Natural Food Stores

The bulk department at a good natural foods store can save you a lot of money. You can dramatically reduce your food costs by purchasing staples like rice, beans, nuts, and cereal in bulk. The size of a bulk section is one of the best metrics for judging the quality of a natural food store. An excellent bulk section will offer items you’d never expect, like coffee, seaweed, chocolate, and a wide assortment of spices.

Many natural food stores feature a deli that sells a variety of ready-to-eat vegan items. These deli items offer one of the best ways to easily try a number of new vegan foods. If you find a deli item you especially like, you can generally make it from scratch at home, at minimal cost.

So you can see that a good natural food store can offer some good deals on high-quality vegan foods. But be forewarned that vegans can still spend a fortune on at these places on certain convenience foods. Frozen vegan pizzas and TV dinners are often triple the price of their non-vegan counterparts. So if you’re on a budget, you are best off buying most of your foods from the bulk section and produce department. A little cooking can save you a lot of money.

Farmers’ Markets and CSAs

Just as a supermarket is probably not your best local source of groceries, your natural foods store may not be the best place to buy fruits and vegetables. It’s worth your time to check into whether there’s a farmers’ market or Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) farm in your area. There’s no better way to source your food as close to home as possible.

If you want to learn more about supporting local agriculture, check out this chapter from my Ultimate Vegan Guide. Your nearest farmers’ market or CSA may be much closer than you realize. Check out the directories of farmers’ markets and CSAs from

Specialty Groceries

If you’ve got a sizable foreign population in your city, there will probably be excellent ethnic groceries worth visiting. Asian markets typically sell cheaper and fresher tofu than you can buy elsewhere, and they also carry a terrific assortment of cheap mushrooms and seaweed. Indian markets are worth visiting just for their papadums and jarred pickle relishes, and nearly all will sell remarkably inexpensive freshly-prepared samosas and pakora.

With any luck there’s a Trader Joe’s market near you. The chain is famous for selling all sorts of delicious vegan items at rock-bottom prices. They even publish a list of their vegan items, although this list is never complete given that Trader Joe’s is constantly introducing new products and discontinuing old ones.

Buying Vegan Foods Online

If you live in a community that lacks a good natural foods store, don’t despair. can pick up the slack. They carry all sorts of essential vegan items, from energy bars to to hot cereals to cookies to nutritional yeast.

You can find every imaginable vegan food product on The trouble is that many items listed by third parties sell for exorbitant prices. But Amazon itself fulfills dozens of great vegan foods, at prices that are remarkably competitive.

We maintain a grocery page listing Amazon’s best vegan food deals. It’s worth checking out even if you have a good natural foods store nearby, since you will certainly find items unavailable locally. Amazon won’t carry every vegan grocery item you need, but you can save a lot of time and money by ordering some of your groceries through them.

Additionally, Amazon’s prices on supplements will usually beat local retailers. We’ve got a page featuring the best deals on vegan supplements.

Get Cooking!

If you’ve never done much cooking, switching to a vegan diet can open up a whole new world for you. Vegan cooking is easy to learn, and will save you a ton of money. You’ll be amazed how quickly you can master the basics. In fact, you don’t even need to buy a vegan cookbook to get started making great food. Just check out our vegan cooking guide.

Once you’ve learned the essentials, it takes very little time to churn out delicious meals. The secret to quickly learning how to cook great vegan food is to realize that you can cook all sorts of magnificent meals without a recipe. Here are five easy and delicious meals, each of which can be prepared in a multitude of ways:

    Stir-fried vegetables
    Roasted vegetables
The above meals free you up from relying on complicated recipes. Learn them and you’ll always be ready to throw together a delicious and healthful meal in minutes. They’re unbeatable options for anyone who wants to spend more time eating than cooking.

Outfit Your Kitchen

It’s remarkable how far a little money spent on basic kitchen equipment will go. Just a few well-chosen kitchen items will open up all sorts of food preparation possibilities.

Some of the most useful kitchen appliances are extraordinarily cheap. These include items like toasters, blenders, slow cookers, and immersion mixers—any of which can be purchased for the price of an average restaurant meal. More expensive models of these appliances might look fancier but they are unlikely to perform better or last longer.

There are also a few higher-end appliances that can be well-worth the price. In particular, Instant Pots, food processors, bread machines, rice cookers, and professional-grade blenders can be game-changing additions to your kitchen. But they’re only worth getting if you’re sure you’ll actually use them regularly. See our Kitchenware Guide for buying advice on all these items.

Invest in Good Knives

Although you can happily get by purchasing the cheapest kitchen items, the one item not to scrimp on is a chef’s knife.

Think of your main kitchen knife as a lifetime investment. The Victorinox Fibrox 8-inch chef’s knife hits the sweet spot in terms of offering quality workmanship comparable to professional grade knives costing triple the price. Get it professionally sharpened every six to twelve months and it’ll totally transform your cooking experiences.

You may also want to buy a utility knife set. Since these knives are small, you can buy good ones inexpensively. Bread knives are another essential piece of kitchen equipment, not just for bread but for tomatoes. Since the blades are serrated, you don’t need to go premium—a cheap bread knife will do the job fine and last for years.

Recommended Cookbooks

One of the biggest mistakes that new vegans make is choosing the wrong first cookbook. You absolutely don’t want your first cookbook to be full of fussy-time consuming recipes. What you need is a cookbook geared to easy meals that take 30 minutes or less to prepare.

If you later decide to branch out to more sophisticated cooking, go for it. But make sure that your first cookbook is devoted to the simplest and most hassle-free meals. There are several fantastic choices, including:

    The Simply Vegan Cookbook, by Dustin Harder
    Quick-Fix Vegan, by Robin Robertson
    Thug Kitchen 101, by Davis & Holloway
    Everyday Happy Herbivore, by Lindsay S. Nixon
These cookbooks are all perfect for getting started. If you want to get a little fancier, check out Angela Liddon’s, The Oh She Glows Cookbook. Liddon’s book features sophisticated, healthful dishes that still require only minimal time to prepare.

Choosing a Second Vegan Cookbook

Once you purchase an easy cookbook, consider also picking up an enormous general-interest vegan cookbook. That way, anytime you have a hankering for a classic dish, whether it’s pancakes or lasagna, you’ll have a solid recipe ready to go. When it comes to a big, beautiful reference cooking volume, you can’t do better than Thug Kitchen. Or, if you want something truly massive, get ahold of Robin Robertson’s 1,000 Vegan Recipes.

The cookbooks I just mentioned only hint at the enormous diversity of possibilities. You can find vegan cookbooks devoted to every cuisine, including Italian, Indian, Thai, Mexican, and Ethiopian. There are likewise vegan cookbooks specializing in Instant Pots, one-dish meals, whole-grain baking, and even homemade vegan cheese. Discover them all on our vegan cookbooks page.

Dining Out

People thinking about how to go vegan often worry about the difficulty of dining out. Your local restaurant options may range from terrible to incredible—it all depends on where you live. Chances are, though, that you have more possibilities than you currently realize. Most mid-sized cities have a number of vegan-friendly restaurants. And even small towns can offer surprisingly good restaurant options.

Although there are a few online vegan restaurant directories like HappyCow and VegGuide, the best way to make sure you’re not missing anything is to search “vegan restaurants” on the Google app on your phone. That’s because Google has a thousand times more listings and reviews than any vegan-oriented restaurant directory. Plus, given that Google owns the world’s best mapping software, it’s the best way to discover the vegan restaurants nearest to you.

Anytime I visit a new city, I invariably check HappyCow since it’s nice to read nothing but vegan-oriented restaurant reviews.

Vegan-Friendly Restaurant Food

When you don’t have a vegan restaurant nearby, your ability to easily find a suitable restaurant meal will vary widely by cuisine. Hands down the most vegan-friendly cuisine is Middle Eastern—avoid the meat and you’re usually home-free. That’s because it’s rare for Middle Eastern meals to contain dairy or eggs. But be on the lookout for Tzatziki, a cucumber dish made with yogurt.

Ethiopian restaurants aren’t all that common but if you can find one you can usually get a great vegan meal. Since East Africa isn’t traditionally a place for dairy cattle or layer hens, Ethiopian food tends to be based on meat, veggies, and grains. So if you avoid the meat and make sure the vegetables aren’t prepared with butter you’re usually home free. Some Ethiopian restaurants garnish their entrees with sour cream so be sure to ask to leave it off.

Other Vegan-Friendly Cuisines

Mexican food has great potential to be vegan-friendly, but it’s challenging to find reliably vegan Mexican restaurants. You’ll have to watch out for lard in the beans and wheat tortillas, sour cream in the guacamole, and chicken stock in the rice.

Italian food is tough to order without cheese, and fresh Italian pasta usually contains eggs. But spaghetti made from dried pasta and topped with marinara sauce is reliably vegan. Just be sure to ask for no Parmesan cheese. Most Italian restaurants also serve a simple green salad with Italian dressing, although that too may be dusted with Parmesan cheese unless you request otherwise.

In Chinese restaurant food, chicken stock is the primary menace vegans confront. The stuff can can vanish undetectably into soups and the broths of otherwise vegan entrees. Dairy isn’t part of traditional Chinese cooking, but egg can appear (or rather, disappear) in a variety of dishes.

Your dining options extend far beyond these cuisines. Visit our Vegan Guide to World Cuisines for extensive coverage of still more possibilities. And for more information on eating out, check out our vegan dining guide.

Vegan Fast Food Options

If you’re traveling in the United States and need a quick meal, your easiest choices are probably Subway or Taco Bell. Subway’s got “Veggie Delight” sandwiches, which are vegan if you avoid the mayo and cheese (their whole wheat bread contains honey, but their white breads are vegan.) At Taco Bell, order a “Bean Burrito, Fresco Style,” and they’ll swap out the cheese for chunky salsa.

There are also great delicious and satisfying options at Cal-Mex burrito places like Chipotle, Qdoba, and Taco Del Mar. These chains feature higher-quality, tastier food than either Taco Bell or Subway, but they are also much harder to find.

Socializing and Finding Community offers an unmatched resource for finding local vegan and vegetarian gatherings. Just type Vegan into the search box and see what nearby events pop up. Many cities have vegan dine-outs or potlucks, and these are generally listed on Another increasingly popular sort of gathering is called Vegan Drinks. These Vegan Drinks events feature vegan bar food, often specially prepared by the venue for the occasion.

You can also meet like-minded people at big regional vegan festivals, which are happening all over the world. Check out our directory to these events.

And for dating, most of the big platforms like OK Cupid, Plenty of Fish, and feature categories for dietary preference, making it easy to find single vegans near you. Also check out VeggieDate, a dating site that caters exclusively to vegetarians and vegans.

A Recap of Key Advice

This short guide covered a lot of ground. So let’s run through my main pieces of advice to make sure nothing gets lost:

    A starter book like But I Could Never Go Vegan! will make your transition smoother, quicker, and more enjoyable.

    Take nutrition seriously. Be sure to read our Vegan Nutrition Guide so you can steer clear of the most common deficiencies that may arise on a vegan diet.

    Even if you’re a skilled cook, make your first vegan cookbook an easy one. The Simply Vegan Cookbook is a perfect choice.

    The quickest way to learn the basics of vegan cooking is to master the preparation of these five foods: smoothies; sandwiches; salads; stir-fries; and roasted vegetables.

    Learn how to shop affordably at natural food stores, and also check out your local farmer’s market. Our grocery page will enable you to further round out your diet.

    Searching “vegan restaurants” with the Google app on your phone will enable you to discover your closest dining options. Also check out

    If you get hungry while traveling and there aren’t any vegan restaurants nearby, you can always turn to Subway’s Veggie Delight ordered without cheese or mayo. Or order Taco Bell’s Bean Burrito “Fresco Style.”

    Don’t let yourself become isolated! There are probably plenty of vegans near you. Use to find them. Also, don’t miss out on attending your nearest vegan festival and visiting a nearby farm animal sanctuary.
Take Your Next Step

As you can see, it’s easy to learn how to go vegan. There is always a multitude of ways you can take another step towards including more vegan foods in your life. Just by having read this guide, you’ve gained some great advantages over most aspiring vegans.

Going vegan is all about discovering as many new foods as you can, from as many places as possible. So remember that if it’s not fun, you’re not doing it right. You’re headed in the right direction when you find yourself enjoying your food more than ever before. Just stay focused on constantly trying new foods, and you’ll make rapid and effortless progress—no willpower required.
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Re: Food Room

PostAuthor: Anthea » Wed Nov 06, 2019 6:27 am

Do your plastic-free
teabags contain plastic?

You've poured the kettle. The tea has brewed. Now how should you dispose of the teabag?

The bin? The food waste? The compost heap? Other recycling?

Landfill, up until recently, would have been the correct answer because teabags have traditionally been sealed with a very small amount of plastic - made from oil.

That is now changing, with many companies looking to find a more eco-friendly alternative.

But have some gone too far with their claims?

Clipper, the UK's sixth biggest tea brand, declares its bags "plastic free". But when you look at the small print it says the company uses a bio-plastic to seal the bags - made from plant material rather than oil.

When the BBC pointed out that some experts consider bio-plastic to still be a type of plastic, Clipper said it would update its website to make the information clearer.

It now says the material it uses, known as PLA (polylactic acid), is "not a plastic in the way we believe people most commonly think of plastics". Clipper boxes are still labelled "plastic-free".

Prof Mark Miodownik, a materials specialist at University College London, says most plastics are made from petrochemicals, but some - known as bio-plastics - are created using plant-based materials, such as corn or potato.

According to him, PLA - the sealant used by Clipper - is a plastic and "in this case it is still a single-use plastic".

Clipper says the material is "entirely natural, biodegradable and much more environmentally friendly".

A spokeswoman added: "Although a bio-polymer could technically be described as a bio-plastic, it is very different to the oil-based plastics which people are rightly concerned about."

What do other tea companies say?

Out of the UK's six biggest tea brands, the only other company that says its standard teabag is plastic free is Pukka - which says it uses a stitch of cotton instead of heat-sealing its bags.

Top six UK tea brands

Based on annual sales:

    1. Twinings£107.9m

    2. PG Tips£98.7m

    3. Yorkshire£97.6m

    4. Tetley£89.8m

    5. Pukka£22.6m

    6. Clipper£13.2m
Source: Data from Nielsen, compiled for The Grocer

Yorkshire Tea announced last month that it was hoping to release new renewable and biodegradable teabags by the end of November.

Its first attempt last year was "a bit of a disaster" - its own words, and the view of social media - with bags falling apart in people's cups.

It was keen to stress that the new bags, designed in conjunction with Sheffield University, would be "industrially compostable" - but not plastic free.

That means the bags can be put in the food or garden waste bin collected by your local council, but not home compost heaps, which don't get hot enough to break down the bags.

Like Clipper, Yorkshire Tea will also use PLA - changing from its current oil-based sealant to a PLA made from renewable corn starch.

In what appears to be a small jibe at other companies, it says plastic-free is "a term you have probably read elsewhere", but Yorkshire Tea "wouldn't feel quite right using it" as the bags contain a bio-plastic and "that's technically still a kind of plastic".

A spokesman from Twinings agreed that there had been "some debate" within the industry as to how best to describe the plant fibre PLA.

Teapigs, which says on its website that its "tea temples have NEVER contained plastic", confirmed to the BBC they contained PLA from corn starch.

Abel & Cole removed a page from its website about its "plastic-free tea bags" after being contacted by the BBC. A spokeswoman said the information was not accurate and it was an old blog post.

Helen Bird, from sustainability campaign group Wrap, said "false claims" were often made about "so-called plastic-free packaging, when in fact it was still plastic, albeit designed to be compostable".

A rundown of the biggest brands:


    Are standard teabags plastic free? No. The Twinings traditional teabag range contains a small amount of oil-based plastic. From January 2020, the range will become plant-based and will biodegrade in industrial composting. It says some of its "tag" teabags are plastic free - they are made from a plant-based paper material that is folded and stitched with cotton

    How do you dispose of the teabag? The bin
PG Tips

    Are standard tea bags plastic free? No. PG Tips announced in February 2018 that it was planning to switch to fully biodegradable, plant-based teabags. Its website currently states that it is moving towards "fully biodegradable teabags" and has already produced one billion

    How do you dispose of the teabag? The bin
Yorkshire Tea

    Are standard tea bags plastic free? No. Yorkshire Tea says it explored many options before deciding the best way to remove oil-based plastic quickly was to use the bio-plastic PLA to seal its bags, so that it can continue to make high volumes of tea with its existing set-up in Harrogate. It says in the future it "hopes to go completely plastic free"

    How do you dispose of the tea bag? Currently the bin. The new bag will go in the household food bin collected by the council

    Are standard teabags plastic free? No. Tetley says its teabags contain a small amount of plastic material (0.04g per bag) so that they can be heat-sealed. It anticipates beginning to introduce fully biodegradable teabags for its core ranges in 2020. It says its goal is to "eliminate" plastic completely

    How do you dispose of the tea bag? The bin

    Are standard tea bags plastic free? Yes. Its owner, Pukka Herbs, says it doesn't heat-seal the edges of teabags, instead it uses a simple stitch of organic cotton and what it calls "a unique folding process". It says this is "a more costly and complex process". It individually wraps each teabag and it expects all its blends to be in its new recyclable envelope by the end of 2019 (it started rolling it out in May 2018)

    How do you dispose of the teabag? On a home compost - or if you don't have one, the household food bin collected by the council

    Are standard teabags plastic free? Clipper describes the teabag as plastic free, but the bags contain a "renewable, plant-based bio-polymer" - also known as a bio-plastic. It says it is exploring a number of green packaging initiatives, including improving recyclability and reducing packaging weight

    How do you dispose of the teabag? The household food bin collected by the council
The British love of tea:

    100 millioncups drunk daily

    36 billioncups drunk every year

    96%comes from a tea bag
Source: The Tea and Infusions Organisation

So is bio-plastic more eco-friendly than conventional plastic?

The term "bio-plastic" causes confusion, according to Wrap, but it simply means the plastic does not come from a fossil-based source.

The sustainability campaign group says it needs to be separated from the word "compostable", because bio-plastics and oil-based plastics can both be compostable - the key difference is bio-plastic comes from a renewable resource.

Under the UK Plastics Pact, which is being led by Wrap, the focus has been on urging companies to switch to compostable materials for teabags.

The pact says teabags containing plastic are problematic because they can contaminate compost when they are recycled with food waste - often consumers don't realise they have plastic in them.

Sian Sutherland, co-founder of environmental campaign group A Plastic Planet, said compostable bio-plastics were "the antithesis of plastic".

"They compost down in a matter of weeks after use and come from sustainable natural sources that are a million miles away from the petrochemical plants that have done such damage to our natural world," she said.

However, like oil-based plastics, if bio-plastics end up in the ocean they can present a danger to marine life because they "won't biodegrade in the ocean", said Prof Jenna Jambeck, an environmental engineer at the University of Georgia.

In a National Geographic study of bio-plastics, she said PLA "can be composted in an industrial facility, but if the town doesn't have one, then it's not any different" to conventional oil-based plastic.

Other environmental issues to consider, according to a 2015 United Nations report, surround where the bio-plastic is grown - including the amount of land it uses, and whether it diverts land away from food production or biodiversity.

If you are feeling a little confused about whether bio-plastic is a better option than oil-based ones, then you are not alone.

Prof Jambeck said bio-based plastics "have benefits" but it was "a big question based on many 'ifs'".
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Re: Food Room

PostAuthor: Anthea » Sun Nov 10, 2019 2:49 am

Another Study Suggests Humans
Are Not ‘Designed’ To Eat Meat

The Facts:

    A recent study conducted by researchers in California and France found that meat protein is associated with a very sharp increased risk of heart disease, while protein from nuts and seeds is actually beneficial for the human heart.
    Reflect On:

    There are multiple studies linking consumption of animal products to several diseases, and plant foods to the reversal and prevention of them. Does this suggest our biology is not designed to eat animal products?
Are humans supposed to eat meat and consume animal products? If you look into it, you may be surprised. Take milk, for example.

The majority of people on the planet are lactose intolerant for a reason. In some parts of the world, lactose intolerance is 90 to 100 percent.(source) Humans are the only species to drink milk after weaning and the only species to drink the milk of another animal. Have we been fooled by big food marketing? Why are global food guides changing to a more plant-based foundation? It’s because things are changing.

The reason why I have a hard time believing that humans are meant to consume meat and animal products is because there’s so much science proving this. Meat eating of all kinds is linked to a variety of diseases. Some of the latest information to emerge in this area compares protein from meat and protein from plant-based sources, suggesting that plant-based protein is much healthier.

A recent study conducted by researchers in California and France found that meat protein is associated with a very sharp increased risk of heart disease, while protein from nuts and seeds is actually beneficial for the human heart.

The study is titled “Patterns of plant and animal protein intake are strongly associated with cardiovascular mortality: The Adventist Health Study-2 cohort,” It was a joint project between researchers from Loma Linda University School of Public Health in California and AgroParisTech and the Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique in Paris, France.

It was published in the International Journal of Epidemiology. The researchers found that people who ate large amounts of meat protein, which is a daily norm for many people, represented a portion of the human population that would experience a 60 percent increase in cardiovascular disease (CVD), while people who consumed large amounts of protein from nuts and seeds actually experienced a 40 percent reduction in CVD.

81,000 participants were analyzed for this study. According to Gary Fraser, MB, ChB, PhD, from Loma Linda University, and François Mariotti, PhD, from AgroParisTech and the Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, who served as the co-principal investigators:

    “Dietary fats are part of the story in affecting risk of cardiovascular disease, proteins may also have important and largely overlooked independent effects on risk.”
The authors emphasized that they, as well as their colleagues, have long suspected that the protein from nuts and seeds in the diet protects against heart and vascular disease, while protein from meat, especially red meats, increases your risk.

    Fraser said the study leaves other questions open for further investigation, such as the particular amino acids in meat proteins that contribute to CVD. Another is whether proteins from particular sources affect cardiac risk factors such as blood lipids, blood pressure and overweight, which are associated with CVD.
While underconsumption of protein is harmful to the body, overconsumption comes with risks as well. In the United States, the average omnivore gets more than 1.5 times the optimal amount of protein, and most of that protein is from animal sources. This is bad news because excess protein is often stored as fat. This stored animal protein contributes to weight gain, heart disease, diabetes, inflammation, and cancer.

The study concluded that:

    Associations between the ‘Meat’ and ‘Nuts & Seeds’ protein factors and cardiovascular outcomes were strong and could not be ascribed to other associated nutrients considered to be important for cardiovascular health. Healthy diets can be advocated based on protein sources, preferring low contributions of protein from meat and higher intakes of plant protein from nuts and seeds.
On the other hand, the protein contained in whole plant foods is connected to disease prevention. According to Dr. Michelle McMacken:

    The protein found in whole plant foods protects us from many chronic diseases. There is no need to track protein intake or use protein supplements with plant-based diets; if you are meeting your daily calorie needs, you will get plenty of protein. The longest-lived people on Earth, those living in the “Blue Zones,” get about 10% of their calories from protein, compared with the U.S. average of 15-20%.
Multiple studies have shown the difference between animal protein and plant protein. Another great example comes from Colin Campbell, a Professor Emeritus of Nutritional Biochemistry at Cornell University, whose experiments on laboratory rats showed cancer cell growth can be turned on or off by simply varying the amount of animal protein included in their diet. This was an enormous discovery, with implications to the diets of millions of people. His results, from what’s known as the “China Study,” have proven to be replicable.

A study conducted in 2016 by researchers at Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital followed more than 130,000 people for 36 years, monitoring illnesses, lifestyles, diets and mortality rates.

They found that substituting between 15g and 19g of animal protein, the equivalent of a single sausage, for legumes, pulses, nuts and other planet protein, significantly decreased the risk of early death. Replacing eggs with plant-based protein also lead to a 19 percent reduction in mortality risk.

Researchers found that a 10 percent higher intake of meat was associated with a two percent higher mortality rate and an eight percent higher chance of cardiovascular death.

So Why Do We Eat Meat?

Again, I ask, what makes us believe we need to eat meat? Many people like to point to those who roamed the Earth before use, like Neanderthals. I found those arguments to be very weak, and they always fail to acknowledge Neanderthal groups that were completely vegan, and how animal protein wasn’t really important. They may also not even be related to us, but that’s a separate topic.

The evidence is mounting. It seems to be quite clear that our bodies suffer from meat eating and benefit from a whole foods, plant-based diet. This is why I am so confused.

    “When you actually look at the way our digestive systems are constructed, we have the anatomy and the physiology of a strict plant eater or herbivore. We don’t have any adaptations in our digestive system or in our physiology that is adapted to eating or consuming animal flesh. And that’s why we can’t consume animal flesh without the aid of technology. But when you look at the jaw structure, jaw mechanics, our esophagus, our stomach and the length of our intestines, it’s clear that we have the anatomy of a committed herbivore.”
The quote above comes from Dr. Milton Mills, an internal medicine physician who, in the video linked within this article, explains that human beings aren’t really built to digest meat, or at the very least, they have a choice. More and more research is pointing towards the benefits of consuming a plant-based diet.

The Takeaway

One thing is quite clear, and that’s the fact that a plant-based diet has great benefits for our health and impacts our biology in a very positive way, while meat eating and consuming animal products does the exact opposite. This is not really a matter to debate, we instead need to question what we are doing on this planet and how we are treating other animals as well. They are being tortured and it’s extremely heart-breaking. It’s very cruel and very bad for our planet to consume meat. All signs point to the fact that it’s not natural at all. ... dhNfizwbEY
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Re: Food Room

PostAuthor: Anthea » Fri Nov 15, 2019 12:33 am

Mars to launch
vegan Galaxy bar

Mars is to launch a vegan version of its best-selling Galaxy bar in the UK, the first move by a large mainstream confectionery brand to offer consumers a plant-based alternative to milk chocolate


The new variant, certified by the Vegan Society, will be available in three flavours: smooth orange, caramel and sea salt and caramelised hazelnut. It will go on sale online and in store at Tesco, Ocado and Amazon from Monday, costing £3 for a 100g bar, double the price of the regular Galaxy.

While all dark chocolate is naturally or “accidentally” vegan if it has not had milk or cream added to it – and is prevalent in supermarkets’ dairy-free aisles – milk chocolate is more challenging to convert because of its dairy content.

Often chocolate products do not carry a vegan label because of the risk of cross-contamination when they have been made in factories where dairy and other products are used.

Mars, the UK’s second-largest confectionery brand, says it has taken more than six months to reformulate its best-selling chocolate bar, which has involved replacing dairy with hazelnut paste and rice syrup.

Guardian food writer Tamal Ray tried the new caramelised hazelnut and smooth orange bars. “I have no idea what sort of alchemical magic turns hazelnuts into cream but, whatever the process is, both bars of chocolate certainly look and feel the part: they’re smooth on the tongue and melt away to a pleasant creaminess,” he said.

“The caramelised hazelnut has crunchy little nuggets of caramelised sugar and hazelnut scattered through whilst the smooth orange has just enough citrus flavour to be pleasantly familiar without overpowering. Both are fair efforts that I doubt you would realise were vegan if you didn’t know already.”

He had one major criticism: “Neither tastes particularly chocolatey – the texture is there as are the additional flavours but the underlying taste is of some vaguely sweet thing rather than chocolate. I don’t think either of these would cure my occasional late night chocolate cravings. They are, however, about a million times better than Hershey’s.”

Linda Lopez, the head of the sensory team at Mars, said: “The taste of Galaxy has not changed in the nearly 60 years since it was launched. We wanted to retain the classic smooth and creamy taste and texture without any compromise.”

The new product scored highly in its blind taste tests, she said, with consumers rating rival products (largely dark chocolate) less well because of their bitterness and/or waxy aftertaste.

The UK vegan confectionery market has grown to a record £10m but is dwarfed by the size of the overall confectionery market, which is now valued at £4bn.

Kerry Cavanaugh, the unit director of chocolate at Mars, said: “This is our first vegan product and we felt it was time to offer fans of our best-selling Galaxy brand more choice. We expect it to be very popular at Christmas for families and friends to share, as well as in Veganuary” – referring to the annual phenomenon where people embrace plant-based diets for the whole of January.

It is also Mars’ first UK confectionery product to be wrapped in compostable film packaging. It is made from wood fibre and breaks down in home composting in a few months while the outer card sleeve is widely recyclable.

Abigail Stevens, the trademark marketing manager at the Vegan Society, said: “We’re proud to register Galaxy’s first ever non-dairy milk chocolate bars with our vegan trademark. The brand has demonstrated that dairy is not necessary to make great tasting chocolate, and that people can still enjoy their favourites without the use of animals.”

Existing vegan-friendly products are predominantly dark chocolate. The distinctive Dutch brand Tony’s Chocolonely has two vegan bars – a 70% dark and dark almond sea salt – while Hotel Chocolat has expanded its vegan range in the run-up to Christmas. The Moo Free brand, meanwhile, offers “milk flavoured chocolate” made from rice milk. ... EtWvUuUfrA
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Re: Food Room

PostAuthor: Anthea » Fri Nov 15, 2019 4:54 am

Plant-based diet can
fight climate change


Switching to a plant-based diet can help fight climate change, UN experts have said

A major report on land use and climate change says the West's high consumption of meat and dairy produce is fuelling global warming.

But scientists and officials stopped short of explicitly calling on everyone to become vegan or vegetarian.

They said that more people could be fed using less land if individuals cut down on eating meat.

The document, prepared by 107 scientists for the UN's Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), says that if land is used more effectively, it can store more of the carbon emitted by humans.

It was finalised following discussions held here in Geneva, Switzerland.

"We're not telling people to stop eating meat. In some places people have no other choice. But it's obvious that in the West we're eating far too much," said Prof Pete Smith, an environmental scientist from Aberdeen University, UK.

We're also wasting too much food. The panel estimates that greenhouse emissions associated with food loss and waste - from field to kitchen bin - is as high as 8-10% of ALL global emissions.

The report calls for vigorous action to halt soil damage and desertification - both of which contribute to climate change.

It also warns that plans by some governments to grow trees and burn them to generate electricity will compete with food production unless carried out on a limited scale.

The Earth's land surface, and the way it is used, forms the basis for human society and the global economy.

But we are re-shaping it in dramatic ways, including through the release of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. How the land responds to human-induced climate change is a vital concern for the future.

Gases produced by livestock are a major factor in global warming, so should we change our eating habits?

How are climate change and food linked?

Climate change poses a threat to the security of our food supply. Rising temperatures, increased rain and more extreme weather events will all have an impact on crops and livestock.

But food production also contributes to global warming. Agriculture - together with forestry - accounts for about a quarter of greenhouse gas emissions. Livestock rearing contributes to global warming through the methane gas the animals produce, but also via deforestation to expand pastures, for example.

The environmental impact of meat production is important to many vegetarians and vegans. A UK-based group called #NoBeef lobbies caterers to take beef and lamb off student menus.

In the US, vegan burger patties are made from plant-based meat substitutes said to taste like the real thing thanks to an iron-rich compound called heme.

Climate change food calculator: What's your diet's carbon footprint?

Peter Stevenson, from Compassion in World Farming, said: "A reduction in meat consumption is essential if we are to meet climate targets."

But in some parts of the world, such as China, beef consumption is growing. This is despite attempts by the Chinese central government to promote traditional diets.

Can food waste be reduced?

The authors of the report encourage action to stop wasting food - either before or after its sale to consumers.

Waste food can sometimes be used as animal feed or, if suitable, redirected to charities to feed people in need.

One organisation here in Switzerland called Partage takes in unsold food discarded by shops and distributes it to local families.

It also collects stale bread and turns it into biscuits, dries fruit, and cans vegetables. All of this helps reduce the CO2 emissions involved in producing food.

Don't trees absorb the CO2 we release?

Extra atmospheric carbon can nourish forests, but there comes a point where they are overwhelmed

The extra carbon that humans have put into the atmosphere is nourishing the growth of forests - especially in the Northern Hemisphere.

This can help to mitigate climate change, but it all comes down to a balance of factors. Experts say this effect on forests will be negated if the Earth heats up too much.

In fact, the report says areas near the equator may already be losing vegetation through heat stress.

Dr Katrin Fleischer, from the Technical University of Munich, Germany, warned that in some places a shortage of phosphorus in soil - a key ingredient for plant growth - would also hinder tree growth.

She said: "This would mean that the rainforest has already reached its limit and would be unable to absorb any more carbon dioxide emissions.

"If this scenario turns out to be true, the Earth's climate would heat up significantly faster."
Carbon cycle

How does soil fit in?

Soil is sometimes neglected as part of the climate system. But it's the second largest store of carbon after the oceans.

Plants absorb CO2 from the atmosphere and lock the carbon away in the soil. But deforestation and poor farming practices can damage its ability to do this. When soil is degraded, carbon is released back into the atmosphere as CO2, while further plant growth is compromised.

Climate change is expected to speed this process up. Higher temperatures can help break down the organic matter in soil, boosting greenhouse emissions.

The report says reducing and reversing soil damage provides immediate benefits to local communities. Better land management, including controlled grazing by animals and tree planting, can boost soil fertility, helping to reduce poverty and boost food security.

"It's really clear that the land's being degraded through over-exploitation - and that's making climate change worse," said Prof Smith.

"The land is part of the problem but if we wise up about the way we use it, it can part of the climate solution."

Can the problems be solved?

Changing the way humans use the land surface is a daunting challenge, especially as it will entail a major shift in farming methods.

Nevertheless, scientists say people need to:

    Protect natural forest, particularly in the tropics

    Eat less red meat and more vegetables

    Safeguard and restore peatlands

    Encourage "agroforestry", where food crops are mixed in with trees

    Improve crop varieties
But one practice touted as a climate change solution - bioenergy - has been treated with caution by IPCC experts.

Bioenergy involves burning vegetation as a substitute for fossil fuels.

To some countries, it appears to be an attractive option because CO2 emissions from the process can be captured.

The International Energy Agency (IEA) predicts bioenergy will outpace solar, wind and hydropower in the next five years.

But the authors of the IPCC report say converting land to bioenergy could deprive countries of soil to grow much-needed crops. They advise limits on the amount of land used for biofuels.

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Re: Food Room

PostAuthor: Anthea » Mon Nov 25, 2019 4:57 am

The only 12 diet tricks
you will ever need

Surely, if there were a safe, simple, side effect–free way to lose weight for good, we would know about it by now, right? I'm not so sure

It takes an average of 17 years before evidence from scientific research is incorporated into day-to-day clinical practice. More than half a million scientific papers on the subject of obesity and weight loss exist in academic libraries, with a hundred new ones published every day.

Who can read all that? Who would know if a gem of evidence-based scientific research had been ignored because it couldn't be monetised or didn't fit with the latest dietary dogma?

So we do it instead. At my health research website, we read all the original studies, combing through tens of thousands of papers a year to find out what the science really shows.

Copy link to paste in your message

Every month seems to bring us a trendy new diet or weight-loss fad — and they always sell because they always fail. Racked with the guilt and self-hatred of failure, people often line right back up to be fooled again. That's why the diet industry is worth £2 billion in the UK.

But to my mind, there's only one question: what does the best available balance of evidence say right now?

That's why my new book has one goal. Whether you're overweight or at your ideal weight and wanting to keep it that way, the aim is to give you every possible evidence-based tweak and tip to build the optimal weight-control solution.

I'm not in anyone's pocket, either: my website is not for profit, and all the money from my books goes to charity.

My research team has uncovered a treasure trove of buried data. For example, simple spices which will cost you mere pennies a day are proven to accelerate weight loss. (With so little profit potential, it's no wonder those studies never saw the light of day.)

The context in which we eat matters, too. The same number of calories eaten at a different time of the day can translate into different amounts of body fat.

What we eat matters most, of course, and all these tricks are adjuncts to a healthy diet, which means a whole-food, plant-based diet. But how we eat can also make a significant difference.

Here are 12 of the gems we found:


Most randomised controlled studies found no weight-loss benefit to skipping breakfast. But how is that possible if it means skipping calories? It's probably because . . .


calories consumed in the morning don't appear to count as much as evening calories.

The difference is explained by chronobiology — how our body's natural cycle is affected by the rhythms of the sun, moon, and seasons. It doesn't matter when we sleep, nearly every cell continues to cycle in a 24-hour circadian rhythm. It's part of that rhythm to burn more meal calories in the morning than at any other time. For weight loss, eat your main meal of the day at lunch, or even breakfast, rather than dinner. Best of all, try . . .


Researchers at Columbia University split individuals into three breakfast groups: those eating porridge made from quick oats, the same number of calories of Frosted Flakes, or just plain water. They then measured how many calories people took in at lunch.

Not only did those who ate the porridge feel fuller, some went on to consume less at lunch — about 400 fewer calories, in fact, which is more than the porridge itself. So, in effect, the porridge provided 'negative' calories.

In contrast, the Frosted Flakes were so unsatiating that the cereal group ate as much at lunch as the breakfast-skipping, water-only group.

Not only did those who ate the porridge feel fuller, some went on to consume less at lunch


Many people know about the white fat in our belly that stores fat. But did you know you also have brown fat — brown adipose tissue (BAT) — that burns fat?

BAT is located high in our chests, in the neck and shoulder regions, and the more active it is, the thinner you tend to be.

One of the best ways to activate it is to feel a bit chilly.

You burn 164 more calories a day living at 16.5c instead of 22c. Provided you don't eat more to compensate, this could translate into a pound of fat a year per degree.

Even turning down the thermostat from 24c to 19c has been proven to boost BAT activation and burn about 100 more calories every day: an annual equivalent to 20 days of fasting.


Simply drink a cup of tea, and within an hour you may burn up to 10 per cent more calories.

In one study, having tea three times a day raised the number of calories burned in that 24-hour period from about 2,280 to 2,360. In effect, each cup of tea swept away about 25 calories.

Researchers think it's likely that tea activates the BAT signal, too. But it's tea without milk, I'm afraid. Researchers found that milk 'completely prevents the biological activity of tea'.

Simply drink a cup of tea, and within an hour you may burn up to 10 per cent more calories

Coffee is a weight-buster, too. Drink two cups, and over the next few hours your resting metabolic rate goes up about 10 per cent. On average, every cup of coffee may cause you to end up burning 17 extra calories. Since a cup of black coffee only has about two calories, that leaves a net deficit of 15 calories per cup.


WANT a weight-reducing vegetable with anti-inflammatory properties thrown in? The humble tomato ticks both boxes.

If you give people about a quarter of a cup of tomato paste a day, you get an improvement in artery function within 15 days — an effect attributed to both anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects.

Tomatoes are so anti-inflammatory that tomato extracts have been investigated as a potential replacement for aspirin as a blood thinner.

Meanwhile, women asked to eat a large ripe tomato before lunch every day for a month dropped two pounds, with improvements in blood sugar, cholesterol and triglycerides (a type of fat lipid found in your blood). A tomato is 95 per cent water, so you're effectively filling up a fist-sized portion of your stomach with only about 15 calories right before a meal.


Nuts are high in calories, but are also one of the few foods that may add years to your life.

Not only might they slow the ageing process itself, but an ounce a day (roughly a handful) may also reduce the risk of dying from heart disease, stroke, cancer, respiratory disease, diabetes and infections — more than half of our top ten killers.

Even better, eaten in moderation, those calories don't seem to matter.

Nuts appear to be so satiating that if you give people a mid-morning snack of almonds, not only do they subsequently eat less at lunch, they eat less at dinner, too, offsetting the extra almond calories. This explains how you can make 30,000 calories 'vanish' into thin air.

People in a months-long trial who added servings of almonds, pistachios, hazelnuts or walnuts to their daily diets — totalling 30,000 calories in total — didn't gain a single pound on average.

Nuts are high in calories, but are also one of the few foods that may add years to your life


Black cumin — also known as nigella sativa but no relation to ordinary cumin, oddly — is a common spice in Indian and Middle Eastern cuisines, highly prized for its purported medicinal benefits. Only in the past 50 years or so has it been put to the scientific test, though, culminating in more than 1,000 published medical papers.

Some of the results are extraordinary. One study found that menopausal women who tried a gram a day (less than a quarter of a teaspoon) of black cumin powder reduced their bad cholesterol by 27 per cent within two months — the sort of results you'd expect with statins.

Black cumin — also known as nigella sativa but no relation to ordinary cumin, oddly — is a common spice in Indian and Middle Eastern cuisines

It's equally astonishing for weight loss. A recent analysis of controlled trials found a quarter of a teaspoon every day reduces your BMI within a couple of months.

If it's truly so beneficial to so many facets of health, why don't we hear more about it? Why wasn't I taught about it in medical school? Maybe because there's little profit motive. The daily dose of black cumin used in most of these studies would cost about 2p. Put some in your pepper grinder with the peppercorns.


Every cell in our body is like a little rechargeable battery; charged up with food or sunlight and then drained back down as the cell does its work.

What happens if the cell is running on empty and it's not re-fuelled with food? It starts taking from the fat stores on your body.

But to do that requires a sensor to flip the switch in our body from storing fat to burning fat, and that's the job of an enzyme called adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK), sometimes nicknamed the fat controller. By boosting the activity of AMPK, our bodies burn more fat.

One way to do it is to eat vinegar. During a three-month trial, a group taking one daily tablespoon of vinegar steadily lost about 1lb a month, while a group taking two daily tablespoons were down a total of about 5lb. It might not sound like a lot, but that weight loss was achieved without removing anything from their diet.

The vinegar groups lost about an inch off their waistlines, suggesting they were burning abdominal fat.

Never drink it straight, though! It can cause intractable hiccups and burn your oesophagus. Toss your salad in it instead.


In a landmark study in which dozens of foods were put to the test, the most filling was the boiled potato. No other food even came close. Eating boiled potatoes as a side dish fills you up so much, it cuts as much as 200 calories of intake off a meal.


Exercise is good for you, but not for weight loss.

A moderately obese person doing moderate-intensity physical activity, such as biking or brisk walking, would burn off about 350 calories an hour.

Yet we consume most processed drinks and snacks at a rate of about 70 calories a minute, so it takes five minutes of snacking for someone to wipe out a whole hour of exercise. We'd need to jog a quarter of a mile for every single bite of a Snickers bar.

Far better to concentrate your weight-loss energy on getting enough NEAT in — that's NonExercise Activity Thermogenesis, or the heat given off by our regular activities such as standing, moving and fidgeting.

NEAT typically burns off at least five times more calories a day than an average exercise programme. It's why some people can eat and eat and not put on weight. They just get up and move more in daily life.

If you don't fidget, you need to work on it. NEAT means taking the stairs instead of the escalator. It means singing, laughing, cleaning and gardening — any activity that creates muscular contractions. Cooking dinner, for example, burns five to ten times more calories than sitting in the living room watching TV.


Forget all those high-tech wearable trackers, the best device for monitoring calorie intake and losing weight remains the humble bathroom scales.

Findings from more than a dozen studies have consistently shown regular self-weighing to be associated with successful weight loss, and one study found that twice daily — on waking and again right before bed — appeared superior to once a day (about 6lb versus 2lb of weight loss over 12 weeks).


It's a widely-held belief that a bout of sexual activity burns a few hundred calories. So you may think, hey, I could get a side of chips with that!

But if you hook people up (literally and figuratively) and measure their oxygen consumption during the act, having sex only turns out to be the metabolic equivalent of bowling.

Given that the average bout of sexual activity may only last about six minutes, a moderately active participant might expend about 21 calories during intercourse, just 14 more than they would have spent lounging around watching TV.

So maybe you could have one chip with that.

Adapted by ALISON ROBERTS from How Not To Diet: The Groundbreaking Science Of Healthy, Permanent Weight Loss, by Dr Michael Greger, (£20, Bluebird) out on December 12. © Michael Greger 2019. To order a copy for £16 (offer valid to December 9, 2019), P&P free, visit

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Re: Food Room

PostAuthor: Anthea » Thu Nov 28, 2019 5:45 am

Kurdish cafe nominated
for Restaurant of the Year

A Kurdish restaurant in the British capital which opened just three years ago has been nominated among four finalists for the Eater Awards 2019 Restaurant of the Year


Pary Baban, her husband Pola Baban, and their sons Raman and Rang established Nandine cafe and restaurant in London’s Vestry Road in 2016.

Their Kurdish cuisine took south London by storm, with the family opening their third restaurant branch in Camberwell Church Street in July this year.

Nandine’s nomination was announced on November 18, alongside culinary rivals Flor, Tata Eatery, and Master Wei.

The restaurant serves dishes, meze, and intricate pastries for brunch and kubba, onion dolma, and qawarma for dinner.

The awards will be announced on December 10. Other categories include Design of the Year and Dish of the Year.

“All of these finalists have either opened or come into their own in a new way since we declared the winners last year,” Eater said in a statement. “All of them were key contributors to making 2019 a great year of eating and drinking in London.”

Last week, Nandine was listed as one of London’s best value restaurants by Eater’s reviewer Jonathan Nunn.

“If London was New York, then this Kurdish cafe would be the subject of food pilgrimages and glossy weekend magazine features,” Nunn said.

The Baban family fled Qaladze in what is now the Kurdistan Region of Iraq in 1989 having survived the eight-year war between Iran and Iraq and Saddam Hussein’s brutal repression of the Kurds.

“Kurdish food has got lots of different types of cuisine because each tribe has its own cuisine,” Pary told Vice in early 2018.

“When you think about it, it’s all the same but different because we are all from a different part of Kurdistan, and everyone is putting their own flavor, their own spices, their own thing into it. It makes it really interesting,” she added.
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Re: Food Room

PostAuthor: Anthea » Fri Nov 29, 2019 1:12 am

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Re: Food Room

PostAuthor: Anthea » Mon Dec 09, 2019 4:49 am

Insect bread
made from crickets

British bakery Roberts has introduced a limited-edition freshly baked insect bloomer made using around 336 crickets


Roberts' bread is made using cricket flour from Eat Grub, a specialist insect food brand. The crickets are dried out, ground with wheat flour and grains and then baked to give a loaf with a crunchy finish.

The new Crunchy Cricket loaf was created in the bakery's concept kitchen in celebration of I'm A Celebrity, which is currently airing for its 19th season. In the reality TV show, contenders are put through infamous 'Bushtucker Trials' in which they have to eat insects in order to earn food for their team back at camp.

According to the brand, cricket bread contains more protein than regular bread, while a recent study found that crickets have antioxidant power five times higher than fresh orange juice.

They are also low in fat and contain good fatty acids, calcium, iron, vitamin B12 and vitamin C. And due to the high levels of fibre found in them, they're also considered to be good for the gut.

Would you try it?

In a number of countries insects are considered to be a delicacy. The practice of insect-eating is called "entomophagy" and the UN estimates that at least 2 billion people eat insects ​– many of which have eaten them traditionally for generations, Over 1,900 species are used for food.

Insect-eating is considered environmentally-friendly and sustainable, too, as farming insects uses less land, water and feed than conventional livestock farming.

Alison Ordonez, head of innovation at the bakery firm, said: "As well as having very strong sustainability and environmental credentials, insects are also seriously tasty and shouldn’t be overlooked as a great recipe ingredient. Our Cricket Loaf provides consumers with a good source of protein and an easy way to familiarise themselves with insect-based food." ... 99146.html
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Re: Food Room

PostAuthor: Anthea » Mon Dec 16, 2019 1:34 am

How breast cancer could
be beaten in a week

Almost 10,000 Britons are diagnosed with breast cancer every year – and numbers are growing

Breast cancer treatment has so often been a cruel trade-off.

On the one hand, the priority is doing whatever it takes to obliterate tumours – be it with potent drugs or painful operations that leave the anatomy scarred and, sometimes, misshapen.

It’s thanks to these sometimes aggressive methods that 90 per cent of women with earliest-stage cancers are still alive and well five years after diagnosis.

But on the other hand, this comes at a mammoth personal cost.

Women face months on end of hospital visits, sacrificing successful careers, family life and intimacy.

There’s an onslaught of gruelling side effects, from unbearable nausea and exhaustion to painful skin sores and loss of sensation.

Almost 10,000 Britons are diagnosed with breast cancer every year – and numbers are growing. It’s not simply because more people are developing the disease, but also due to the fact we are now far better at spotting it.

Last year, more than two million middle-aged British women went for a routine mammogram – the X-ray check designed to spot breast tumours at an early stage, when they’re too small to be seen or felt. In 2018, about 18,400 cancers were picked up this way.

For this reason, today doctors are focusing more than ever on ways to beat the disease, without destroying women’s lives in the process.

Last week, at the world’s biggest breast cancer conference in San Antonio, Texas, experts unveiled a raft of discoveries that, they hope, will do just that.

From powerful radiotherapy that clears cancer cells with pinpoint accuracy within days – sparing patients from many weeks of daily hospital sessions – to tumour DNA tests that may help spare women with advanced breast cancer from chemotherapy, there was much to celebrate.

The new goal is clear: find ways to give the minimum therapy, with maximum results.
Treatment got rid of my tumour... without long-term side effects

Hilary Stobart was diagnosed with breast cancer at the end of 2008. Her tumour, which measured 2cm, was discovered following a routine mammogram.

‘They found a lump, tested it, and told me it was breast cancer,’ says Hilary, 65, from Cambridgeshire.

‘I hadn’t had any symptoms or anything before that.’

Hilary Stobart (above) was diagnosed with breast cancer at the end of 2008. Her tumour, which measured 2cm, was discovered following a routine mammogram

Hilary, who was 54 at the time, was advised that she would need surgery, radiotherapy and hormone therapy.

But as part of her radiotherapy treatment, she was offered the chance to take part in a trial of partial radiotherapy.

‘I was told that it had the potential to reduce some of the side effects and cosmetic changes,’ she says.

Her treatment was daily, over the course of three weeks. ‘I was quite sore at the end of treatment, but it cleared up a couple of weeks later,’ says the grandmother and mother-of-two.

‘But, apart from that, I haven’t had any long-term side effects at all. My breast size reduced as a result of surgery, but there weren’t any cosmetic changes after the radiotherapy at all.’

Hilary has also remained disease-free.

University of Cambridge cancer expert Professor Charlotte Coles said: ‘There’s a misconception with breast cancer that you’ve got to throw everything at it, treatment-wise – the more the better.

‘But that’s not necessarily the case.’

Dr Hendrik-Tobias Arkenau, oncologist and Medical director of the Sarah Cannon Research Institute in London, welcomed the advances: ‘The focus of breast cancer treatment is no longer just about controlling tumour growth, or keeping patients alive. It’s not enough – these women are young, have families and careers, so the emphasis more recently is about limiting the disruption to their lives.

‘Mastectomies, and even lumpectomies, can be traumatic and completely change women’s lives for ever. Chemotherapy and radiotherapy often make patients sick, exhausted and may cause painful skin infections.

‘There’s little point successfully treating a cancer if a woman has to spend every minute in hospital, or is in agonising pain. Now, the focus is on striking the right balance between destroying the disease and inflicting the least side effects possible to maintain a good quality of life.’

Here, we outline the major announcements made last week – and explain how they will be affecting the lives of British breast cancer patients from now on.

A breakthrough ten-day treatment

Thousands of breast cancer patients could be spared weeks of radiotherapy treatment – thanks to a new targeted approach that means treatment can be given in just ten days, a new study suggests.

The method involves targeting just part, rather than the whole breast, with tumour-blasting X-rays. ‘Small breast cancers tend to recur in the same area,’ explained oncologist Dr Simona Shaitelman, from the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center.

‘For this reason, it makes sense just to treat that part, rather than the entire breast.’

By limiting the treatment area, the risk of problems such as skin burns and scarring, and the already small possibility of damage to surrounding organs including the heart, are reduced.

Breast cancer symptoms and signs from Cancer Research

For the trial, researchers in Italy recruited 520 women over the age of 40 with breast cancer.

They all had small to medium-size tumours that had not yet spread beyond the breast or surrounding lymph nodes – known as stage one or stage two breast cancers. Half were offered accelerated partial breast radiotherapy, the new targeted treatment, carried out every other day over the course of ten days.

The other half were treated with traditional whole breast therapy – the current standard of care for UK breast cancer patients. In this study, it involved 30 daily hospital visits over six weeks. After ten years, the study found similar rates of local recurrence, suggesting both treatment methods may be equally effective.

Overall survival was also similar, with more than 90 per cent of both groups still alive at the end of the study.

Daily pill that cuts risk in half

Women at high risk of breast cancer could slash their risk of developing the disease in half by taking a daily hormone-blocking tablet.

The drug, anastrozole, could be offered as an alternative to tamoxifen - the pills already offered to help prevent breast cancer.

Tamoxifen can significantly reduce the risk of ever developing tumours, but studies suggest only one in seven eligible British women take it, possibly due to side effects.

In a study published last week, 3,864 high-risk women were split into two groups.

The first group was given anastrozole, also known as Arimidex, for five years, while the second group received a placebo drug.

Seven years after participants last took the drug, breast cancer incidence was 49 per cent lower in the anastrozole group than in those women given the dummy tablet – a total of 85 cases compared with 165.

Anastrozole, like tamoxifen, works by interfering with the amount of the hormone oestrogen reaching tumour cells. Oestrogen is known to drive breast cancer in many cases.

‘Anastrozole should be the drug of choice for post-menopausal women at high risk,’ said researcher Professor Jack Cuzick, from Queen Mary University of London.

Both drugs have similar rates of side effects, including hot flushes and aches and pains, but anastrozole has fewer long-term risks such as endometrial cancer and blood clots.

‘Patients undergoing standard radiotherapy may have to come in for four, five or even six weeks, every day,’ said researcher Dr Icro Meattini, a clinical oncologist from the University of Florence.

‘It can be incredibly stressful.’ Dr Shaitelman adds: ‘For most people working full-time, this part of treatment is hard. A radiotherapy session itself only lasts five minutes, but from the time a patient checks in to when they leave, it’s an hour – not including time spent travelling. Making the whole process easier is a huge win.’

Minimal radiation… or none at all

The new study adds to a growing body of evidence that suggests ‘less is more’ when it comes to radiotherapy for some patients. The UK is leading the field in this area.

Last year, a major trial led by The Institute of Cancer Research and University of Cambridge found that partial radiotherapy after surgery could significantly reduce side effects including breast pain and sensitivity, compared to whole breast radiation.

Radiotherapy was given in 15 treatments over five weeks.

The study found almost all the women had no signs of breast cancer after five years, regardless of which treatment they had received.

But women who received partial radiotherapy reported fewer long-term changes to the appearance and feel of their breast – with less build-up of hard, lumpy scar tissue.

In different studies in which radiotherapy was given twice a day, for five days, similar numbers of women were cured – but the appearance of the breast changed.

Giving the breast tissue ‘time to recover’ could be key, says University of Cambridge oncologist Professor Charlotte Coles.

A separate UK trial is investigating whether just five sessions of whole breast radiotherapy, given over five days, is similarly effective. This could pave the way for five-day treatment for partial breast radiotherapy, too.

Health watchdog the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) does now recommend partial breast radiotherapy for women with low-risk cancer.

This includes those with less aggressive forms of breast cancer, and those who have very small tumours. However some women are still not offered it. Dr Shaitelman says: ‘For many women, the priority is to be done with treatment. The important thing is that they have options.’

Professor Coles added: ‘Partial breast radiotherapy is an easy technique and can be done with existing machines. Most UK hospitals should be able to do it.’

In some cases, patients may not need radiotherapy at all. Prof Coles and her Cambridge University team are now trialling a test that, they hope, will be able to flag up whether breast cancer is so low-risk that simply having the tumour removed will be enough.

It means treatment could, in specific cases, be over in a week or less. Professor Judith Bliss, of the Institute of Cancer Research, who is partly running the trial said: ‘We know radiotherapy works. But for some women, the absolute risk of their cancer coming back is so low that having the treatment does not actually give any meaningful benefit.’

The study, which will follow patients for ten years, is ongoing.

Blood DNA test could mean no chemo

While the majority of patients are cured of breast cancer, in some cases, the disease is harder to treat. There are 35,000 British women living with cancer that has spread, with tumours elsewhere in the body.

Thousands of these women might soon be spared from chemotherapy, thanks to new targeted drugs – and a pioneering genetic test that can help doctors provide personalised treatment.

Tumours have their own genetic code – and hundreds of genetic sub-types of breast cancer have now been identified. A targeted drug may work well on one sub-type, but not on others, so the challenge, for doctors, is matching the right drug with the right patient.

While the majority of patients are cured of breast cancer, in some cases, the disease is harder to treat. There are 35,000 British women living with cancer that has spread, with tumours elsewhere in the body. (Above, file image of dividing breast cancer cells)

Researchers at The Institute of Cancer Research and The Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust have developed a new ‘liquid biopsy’ that can accurately detect genetic mutations in tumours – from a blood sample drawn from the arm.

The test results can be used to pair patients with tailored treatments to slow cancer growth.

Currently, doctors must test physical samples in order to do this – and results can take up to six weeks. The new test gives doctors a detailed picture of what is driving the tumour’s growth in just ten days.

Cancer specialist Professor Nicholas Turner, who led the research, said: ‘For women with advanced cancer, chemotherapy is the only option open to them. But simple tests can match treatments to a patients’ specific type of cancer – of which there are many. This makes them potentially more effective, with fewer side effects than chemotherapy.’

The Cancer Research UK-funded study included 1,000 women whose disease had returned after treatment, or which had spread to another part of the body.

The blood test was used to check for three specific DNA mutations. Each of these was matched with a new targeted drug. Thanks to the test, a total of 142 women were given targeted treatments.

Prof Turner said versions of the test might be in use by next year, if approved by the NHS.

A pen that spots tumour cells

When removing a breast tumour, both the lump and a margin of tissue surrounding it must be cut away – to make sure no cancerous cells remain.

But working out where this boundary lies can be tricky.

If any tumour cells are left behind, it could cause the disease to return. Now a high-tech ‘pen’ is being used to help surgeons differentiate between healthy and potentially harmful tissue.
Weird science

Artificial intelligence may be able to tell if you’ll die young

Scientists at Nottingham University trained an AI system to evaluate health data and predict if individuals were at risk of premature death from a disease.

They then gave the programme medical details of 500,000 volunteers, including everything from height, weight and race to appearance, occupation and medications taken regularly.

Between 2006 and 2016, nearly 14,500 died, mainly from cancer or heart and respiratory diseases.

One AI programme ‘predicted’ 76 per cent of subjects who died. Experts hope that one day programmes like this will be able to spot heart-attack risk and even dementia in their early stages, when treatment and other interventions are more effective.

The hand-held device, developed by scientists at the University of Texas, can be used during surgery to ‘scan’ the removed tissue.

Once the gadget gives the all clear, surgeons know they don’t need to cut away any more.

Kyana Garza, one of the researchers involved in the development of the MasSpec Pen says: ‘With breast cancer, patients want a cosmetically pleasing outcome.

‘But the more tissue you take away, the more the appearance of the breast changes. On the other hand, if you don’t get all the cancer out, it could spread.

‘It’s a balancing act, and the MasSpec takes away some of the guesswork surgeons have to do in order to work out where the safe margins lie.’

The gadget has now been tried out in 20 breast cancer operations. Data from tests on tissue samples in the laboratory, presented last week, show that it can accurately identify healthy and cancerous cells more than 90 per cent of the time. During surgery, the pen is placed on areas suspected of being cancerous during surgery.

The device issues a tiny water droplet, which is then sucked back in, bringing with it tiny molecules which cannot be seen by the naked eye.

This is then analysed in a special machine in the operating theatre, which shows if it is likely to be cancerous.

The whole process takes up to 30 seconds. How well the device performs during surgery will be the subject of future trials. But Mr Garza says: ‘It’s really promising.’

It is hoped the device, which is also being tested in pancreatic and thyroid cancers, could be available within the next five to ten years. ... -week.html
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Re: Food Room

PostAuthor: Anthea » Mon Dec 16, 2019 6:03 am

This post is especially for Piling:

Vegetarian Christmas recipes

Make your vegetarian Christmas dinner something to sing about, from our trusty nut roast recipe to stuffed aubergines, veggie tarts and wild mushroom parcels

Please follow link bellow more than 40 lovely vegetarian delights: ... =CS8-1000-[Discovery_Cards]-[Multi_Site]-[SL02]-[PS_FOOD~N~~P_VegetarianChristmas]
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Re: Food Room

PostAuthor: Anthea » Tue Dec 17, 2019 4:32 am

The season of FLU is upon us

How to stop flu in its tracks this winter by not sharing pens at work

The flu season is well under way and the NHS is already starting to buckle under the pressure.

Alarming new figures from Public Health England (PHE) show thousands of patients have been to their GP with flu-like symptoms in the past five days, and three times as many people have so far been admitted to intensive care for flu as this time last year — 212 in England alone, compared with just 75 in 2018.

Now parents with young children are being urged to get them vaccinated against flu as soon as possible, to halt the spread of the virus.

The flu season is well under way and the NHS is already starting to buckle under the pressure

Young children are seen as so-called ‘super spreaders’ and are among the main sources of transmission within families where elderly or sick relatives may be most at risk from infection.

‘They are a big risk to others because they tend to have very low levels of hygiene and are more likely to pass on the virus to others,’ says Professor John Oxford, a virologist at Queen Mary University of London.

‘That’s why it’s important to make sure they are immunised.’

The child flu vaccine is a nasal spray offered to all children from two to 11 and any aged up to 17 who have long-term conditions, such as diabetes or inherited heart conditions.

But the latest figures from PHE suggest less than a third of those eligible have had the vaccine. Even if they have it in the next few days, the vaccine can take up to two weeks to become fully effective — which means families gathering over Christmas may still be at risk.

But while vaccination is still the best way to prevent the spread of flu, there are other measures you can take...

Use hot water, not hand sanitiser

Good hand hygiene is one of the most effective ways to stop the flu virus spreading because hands are a major source of transmission.

When a someone with flu uses their hands to cover a cough or sneeze, the virus particles are deposited on the skin. Although they only survive there for ten to 15 minutes, they can live for up to 24 hours if they are then transferred on to a hard surface. So at this time of year, wash your hands after using public transport, before you eat and even after using a supermarket trolley.

But experts recommend hot water and soap to banish the virus, rather than just sanitising hand gel. That is because a study published in September in the journal mSphere found that flu germs are more likely to spread when people just use hand gel rather than soap and water, because mucus interferes with the ability of the alcohol in the gel to deactivate the flu virus.

Experts recommend hot water and soap to banish the virus, rather than just sanitising hand gel

Scientists at the Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, in Japan, found gel took more than four minutes to destroy flu virus particles if mucus was present, while hot water and soap took just 30 seconds.

Experts suggest only resorting to gel when there are no other options. ‘The evidence for the effectiveness of hand sanitiser is a little weak,’ says Professor Peter Openshaw, an immunologist at Imperial College London.

Move 6ft away if someone sneezes

Flu virus particles can travel quite a distance when an infected person coughs or sneezes. Worse, the particles can remain airborne for several hours — and the colder it is, the longer they survive.

‘With infectious diseases that spread through airborne droplets — such as flu — you need to maintain a distance of at least two metres (just over 6ft) between you and the contaminated person to reduce the risk of inhaling the virus,’ says Professor Oxford.

Try breathing out slowly through your nostrils for ten seconds as you move away from someone who sneezes. That may reduce the risk of airborne contaminated droplets drifting into the nasal passages, a main route into the body.

‘It might just prevent the virus settling deep in the lungs and triggering flu,’ says Professor Openshaw. But, he says, there is little good evidence that wearing a face mask will prevent anyone catching the flu.

Quarantine family members with flu

Social distancing, some experts argue, is one of the most effective ways to halt the spread of flu.

‘It means shutting infected children or other family members away in their bedroom for two to three days,’ says Professor Oxford. This means them having all meals in their room and leaving it only to use the bathroom.

Contact with others should be avoided until they have passed their most infectious period — usually two to three days.

‘This is a recognised way of containing the spread of highly infectious diseases,’ says Professor Oxford. ‘The same applies if you or your partner develops flu — the only way to stop the other person getting it is to sleep in the spare room for a few nights.

‘If one of you is coughing and sneezing, it’s likely the pillows and bedding will be awash with particles of flu virus.’

Early nights help you fight the virus

We all know getting the right amount of sleep is good for your general health. But it may be even more important when it comes to flu. Some research shows those who get seven to eight hours most nights — and rarely suffer from sleep deprivation — have a better response to the flu vaccine than those who have too little sleep.

This year, scientists at the University of Chicago found that, ten days after receiving the flu jab, patients who got plenty of rest had double the level of flu-fighting antibodies in their bloodstream than those who had been deprived of sleep before getting the jab.

Getting a good night's sleep can help the response to the flu vaccine than those who have too little rest

The findings suggest it may take much longer for the body’s defence mechanism to generate enough antibodies to protect against the bug without adequate sleep.

Professor Openshaw says: ‘There is some evidence that sleep can affect the way your immune system responds to the vaccine.’

Take your own pen to work

Flu viruses love hard surfaces — it’s where they survive longest outside the body. So shared office equipment is a great way for them to get from one person to another.

‘I would definitely recommend using your own pen,’ says Professor Openshaw, who also suggests using your own mobile phone for work calls, rather than shared handsets.

Flu viruses love hard surfaces — it’s where they survive longest outside the body so shared office equipment can spread the virus

‘If I was sharing a phone with someone at work during the flu season, I’d be concerned about picking up virus particles off it,’ he says. ‘You could use an alcohol wipe to clean it, but it might be less embarrassing to just use your own mobile.’

Low-carb diet may boost immunity

Healthy eating contributes to a more robust immune system, which improves your chances of preventing flu infection.

But could a low-carb ‘ketogenic’ diet, similar to the controversial Atkins diet, help fight off the virus once you have caught it?

A study published last month found mice put on an Atkins-like diet made up of meat, fish, poultry and non-starchy vegetables survived flu infection better than those on a conventional diet.

In tests at Yale University, it was found that the high-fat, lowcarbohydrate diet triggered the release of immune cells which boosted mucus production in the cells lining the lungs.

This extra mucus trapped the flu virus before it could spread and make things worse — effectively ‘taming’ the flu.

Experts here say it is too early to say whether a ketogenic diet would have the same protective effect in humans.

‘It’s an attractive idea but we cannot recommend it until we have more evidence,’ says Professor Openshaw.
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