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Iran, Iraq agree oil development and US threatens Iran

A place to talk about domestic politics in Middle East (Iran, Iraq , Turkey, Syria) Also includes topics about Assyrian, Armenian, Chaldean .

Iran, Iraq agree oil development and US threatens Iran

PostAuthor: Anthea » Sun Apr 07, 2019 2:03 pm

Iran, Iraq agree on development of joint oilfields

Iran and Iraq have taken a step towards joint development of oil fields on their shared border as the neighbours continue to strengthen their ties in the face of aggressive efforts from the United States to isolate Iran

Iraq’s Oil Minister Thamer al-Ghadhban is in Iran as part of a high-level two day trip led by Iraqi Prime Minister Adil Abdul-Mahdi. On Sunday, Ghadhban had a meeting with Iran’s Petroleum Minister Bijan Zangeneh and they reached an understanding regarding joint development of the Naft Shahr and Khorramshahr oil fields, according to Iran’s Ministry of Petroleum.

“Iran is ready to offer [its] capabilities to the Iraqi oil industry,” Zangeneh said, according to a statement from his ministry, noting there are “massive potentialities” to expand their cooperation in oil, gas, and refining.

Naft Shahr is located on the border between Iran’s Kermanshah province and Iraq’s Diyala, some 570 kilometres west of Tehran. Khorramshahr is located on Iran’s southern border with Basra province.

Iraq, emerging from years of conflict, is looking to rebuild its oil sector and infrastructure, something Iran can offer assistance with, said Zangeneh.

“Given the lack of development in the petrochemicals and gas industries in Iraq, there is a bright perspective for cooperation between the two countries,” he said.

During a visit to Iran’s Energy Industries Engineering and Design (EIED), the engineering branch of the Oil Industries' Engineering and Construction (OIEC) company, the two ministers decided OIEC will partner with an Iraqi company, the Iranian statement said.

Iraq’s energy sector is closely tied to Iran. Baghdad depends on electricity and natural gas imports from its neighbour to power its national grid. Iraqi officials have said it will be impossible to sever ties with Iran in order to comply with US sanctions. Iraq was granted a waiver by the US to continue its Iranian imports. That exemption was extended in mid-March for a second time, granting Iraq another three months before it has to comply with US sanctions on Iran’s oil sector.

The Iranian statement did not go into details of the understanding reached on Sunday, including the extent of their cooperation, funding, or a timeline. Iraq’s Oil Ministry has not immediately issued a statement.

http://www.rudaw.net/english/middleeast/iraq/070420191
Last edited by Anthea on Sun Apr 07, 2019 2:14 pm, edited 2 times in total.
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Iran, Iraq agree oil development and US threatens Iran

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Re: Iran, Iraq agree on development of joint oilfields

PostAuthor: Anthea » Sun Apr 07, 2019 2:11 pm

Iran says IRGC is ‘red line,’ will equate US army with ISIS in retaliation

The powerful National Security Committee of the Iranian parliament will fast forward a bill to designate the American military a terrorist organization if Washington proceeds with its plan to do the same to Iran’s elite Revolutionary Guards, the head of the parliament’s council said on Sunday

The US State Department appears to be preparing to designate the powerful Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) as a foreign terrorist organization, a decision that could be announced on Monday according to the Wall Street Journal. While a number of military, engineering, and oil branches of the IRGC, as well as senior individual members, have already been blacklisted by the US, the organization itself with over 120,000 serving members has avoided the rap until now.

“Even though we believe that we should not play in the court of American extremism, the reality is that we need to retaliate in the same way,” Heshmatollah Falahatpishe, the head of the National Security and Foreign Policy Committee of the Iranian Parliament, told ISNA.

“Given that America wants to place the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps on the list of terrorist groups, we have prepared a fast-track emergency bill so that the moment this happens, we will place the American soldiers alongside Daesh in the list of terrorist groups,” he added, using an Arabic acronym for the Islamic State (ISIS).

Under parliament regulations, fast-track emergency bills are introduced in emergency situations and can be tabled in the parliament within 48 hours of introduction. A statement from 255 parliamentarians on Sunday said targeting the IRGC is a “red line” and warned US President Donald Trump against going ahead with his punitive measures.

The Iranian reaction comes a day after the country’s highest authority Ayatollah Ali Khamenei called on the Iraqi government to speed up the process of forcing Americans out of Iraq.

“You should take necessary measures so that the US will withdraw its troops from Iraq as soon as possible,” Khamenei told visiting Iraqi Prime Minister Adel Abdul-Mahdi on Saturday in Tehran. “In any country where US maintained an enduring military presence, the process of expelling them became more complicated and problematic.”

Iraq is highly dependent on Iranian natural gas and electricity imports as well as American firepower, military equipment, and training to fight ISIS remnants in the north and west. Caught in the middle, it is therefore set to lose the most from escalating tensions between Washington and Tehran.

Abdul-Mahdi is in Iran for a two-day visit to boost trade, financial, security, and energy cooperation between the two countries. He has made it clear he wants to avoid turning Iraq into a battlefield between the US and Iran.

The two long-term adversaries brought their rivalry into Iraq in the years after the overthrow of Saddam Hussein in 2003. Washington has blamed Iran for American deaths in Iraq.

“In Iraq, I can announce today, based on declassified US military reports, that Iran is responsible for the deaths of at least 608 American service members,” Special Representative for Iran and Senior Advisor to the Secretary of State Brian Hook said on April 2. “This accounts for 17 percent of all deaths of US personnel in Iraq from 2003 to 2011. This death toll is in addition to the many thousands of Iraqis killed by the IRGC’s proxies.”

President Donald Trump, who withdrew from the 2015 nuclear deal last summer, has vowed to bring the Iranian regime to its knees by crippling its economy through a “campaign of maximum financial pressure,” targeting its energy, shipping, shipbuilding and financial sectors.

Iran refutes the claim that the IRGC is involved in terrorist activities. Falahatpishe, head of the parliament’s national security committee, warned that designating the IRGC as a terrorist organization would serve the interests of terrorists.

http://www.rudaw.net/english/middleeast/iran/07042019
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