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81st Anniversary of the Barbaric Dersim Genocide

A place for discussion and exchanging ideas about Kurdistan issues here, also a place for sharing article & views and analysis about Kurdistan .

81st Anniversary of the Barbaric Dersim Genocide

PostAuthor: Anthea » Sun Sep 03, 2017 10:27 am

The Kingdom of Kurdistan refers to a short-lived unrecognized state proclaimed in the city of Sulaymaniyah following the collapse of the Ottoman Empire. Officially, the territory involved was under the jurisdiction of the British Mandate of Mesopotamia.

Sheikh Mahmud revolts:

During the collapse of the Ottoman Empire, Kurds in Iraq attempted to establish a semi-independent state. On at least one occasion they succeeded and formed the Kingdom of Kurdistan, which lasted from September 1922 until July 1924.

The Shaykh of the Qadiriyyah order of Sufis, the most influential personality in Southern Kurdistan, was appointed governor of the former sanjak of Duhok, but rallied against the British and declared an independent Kurdistan in May 1919. :ymapplause: He was defeated in June :((

On the 10 October 1921, a statement was issued in Sulaymaniya, the capital of Kurdistan, to establish a Kurdish government. Sheikh Mahmud Barzanji declared himself as the King of the Kingdom of Kurdistan :ymapplause:

After the Treaty of Sèvres, which settled some territories, Sulaymaniya still remained under the direct control of the British High Commissioner. After the subsequent penetration of the Turkish "Özdemir" Detachment into the area, an attempt was made by the British to counter this by appointing Shaykh Mahmud governor again, in September 1922. The Shaykh revolted again, and in November declared himself King of the Kingdom of Kurdistan. Members of his cabinet included:

Abdulkarim Alaka, a Christian Kurd - Finance Minister
Ahmed Bagy Fatah Bag - Customs Minister
Hajy Mala Saeed Karkukli - Justice Minister
Hema Abdullah Agha - Labour Minister
Mustafa Pasha Yamolki- Education Minister[10]
Shaikh Qadir Hafeed - Prime Minister
Shekh Mohammed Gharib - Interior Minister
Zaky Sahibqran - Defence Minister of the Kurdish National Army

Barzanji was defeated by the British in July 1924 :((

In January 1926 the League of Nations gave the mandate over the territory to Iraq, with the provision for special rights for Kurds. In 1930-1931, Shaykh Makhmud Barzanji made his last unsuccessful attempt.

The British Royal Air Force's Iraq Command acting on behalf of the Iraqi government in Baghdad played a part in bringing the Kingdom of Kurdistan to an end :((

That would be when the British

GASSED THE KURDS X( X( X(
Last edited by Anthea on Sun May 05, 2019 11:34 am, edited 2 times in total.
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81st Anniversary of the Barbaric Dersim Genocide

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Re: Kurds wanted independence since end of Ottomans Empire

PostAuthor: Anthea » Sun Sep 03, 2017 10:33 am

Republic of Ararat

The Republic of Ararat or Kurdish Republic of Ararat was a self-proclaimed Kurdish state. It was located in eastern Turkey, being centered on Karaköse Province. (Agirî is the Kurdish name for Ararat)

History

The Republic of Ararat, led by the central committee of Xoybûn party, declared independence on 28 October 1927 (or 1928) during a wave of rebellion among Kurds in southeastern Turkey.

The Ararat rebellion was led by General Ihsan Nuri Pasha. In October 1927 (Kurd Ava or Kurdava) a village near Mount Ararat was designated as the provisional capital of Kurdistan. Xoybûn made appeals to the Great Powers and the League of Nations, and also sent messages to other Kurds in Iraq and Syria to ask for co-operation

The Turkish military subsequently defeated the Republic of Ararat in September 1930 :((
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Re: Kurds wanted independence since end of Ottomans Empire

PostAuthor: Anthea » Sun Sep 03, 2017 10:48 am

Republic of Mahabad

The Republic of Mahabad (Kurdish: کۆماری مەھاباد‎ Komara Mehabadê; Persian: جمهوری مهاباد‎‎) was a short-lived Kurdish self-governing state in present-day Iran.[1] [2] [3] The Republic of Mahabad arose alongside the Azerbaijan People's Government, a similarly short-lived state.

The capital of Republic of Mahabad was the city of Mahabad, in northwestern Iran. The state encompassed a small territory, including Mahabad and the adjacent cities of Piranshahr and Naghadeh.[4] The republic's foundation and demise was a part of the Iran crisis during the opening stages of the Cold War.

Background

Iran was invaded by the Allies in late August 1941, with the Soviets controlling the north. In the absence of a central government, the Soviets attempted to attach northwestern Iran to the Soviet Union, and promoted Kurdish nationalism. From these factors resulted a Kurdish manifesto that above all sought autonomy and self-government for the Kurdish people in Iran within the limits of the Iranian state.

n the town of Mahabad, inhabited mostly by Kurds, a committee of middle-class people supported by tribal chiefs took over the local administration. A political party called the Society for the Revival of Kurdistan (Komeley Jiyanewey Kurdistan or JK) was formed. Qazi Muhammad, head of a family of religious jurists, was elected as chairman of the party. Although the republic was not declared until December 1945, Qazi's committee administered the area for more than five years until the fall of the republic.

Foundation

In September 1945, Qazi Muhammad and other Kurdish leaders visited Tabriz to seek the backing of a Soviet consul to found a new republic, and were then redirected to Baku, Azerbaijan SSR. There, they learned that the Democratic Party of Azerbaijan was planning to take control of Iranian Azerbaijan. On December 10, the Democratic Party took control of East Azerbaijan Province from Iranian government forces, forming the Azerbaijan People's Government. Qazi Muhammad decided to do likewise, and on December 15, the Kurdish People's Government was founded in Mahabad. On January 22, 1946, Qazi Muhammad announced the formation of the Republic of Mahabad. Some of the aims mentioned in the manifesto include:

    Autonomy for the Iranian Kurds within the Iranian state.
    The use of Kurdish as the medium of education and administration.
    The election of a provincial council for Kurdistan to supervise state and social matters.
    All state officials to be of local origin.
    The establishment of a single law for both peasants and notables

Relationship to the Soviets

The Republic of Mahabad depended on Soviet support. Archibald Bulloch Roosevelt, Jr., grandson of the former U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt, wrote in "The Kurdish Republic of Mahabad" that a main problem of the People's Republic of Mahabad was that the Kurds needed the assistance of the USSR; only with the Red Army did they have a chance. However, its close relationship to the USSR alienated the republic from most Western powers, causing them to side with Iran.

Qazi Muhammad did not deny that his republic was funded and supplied by the Soviets, but did deny that the Kurdish Democratic Party (KDP) was a communist party. He claimed that this was a lie fabricated by the Iranian military authorities, and added that his ideals were very different from the Soviets'. Following the fall of Mahabad, the Soviets allowed for the safe passage of Mustafa Barzani and his followers into the Soviet Union :ymapplause:

The Soviets were however generally ambivalent towards the Kurdish administration. They did not maintain a garrison near Mahabad and also did not have any civil agent of sufficient standing to exercise any great influence. They encouraged Qazi's administration by practical benevolent operations such as providing motor transport, keeping out the Iranian army, and buying the whole of the tobacco crop.

On the other hand, the Soviets initially did not like the Kurdish administration's refusal to be absorbed into the larger Democratic Republic of (Persian) Azerbaijan, and discouraged the formation of an independent Kurdish state. Following the fall of Mahabad, they however allowed for the safe passage of Mustafa Barzani and his followers into the Soviet Union.

Both contemporary friends and foes tended to exaggerate the Soviet role in the Republic of Mahabad. While Kurdish nationalist leaders Abdul Rahman Ghassemlou and Jalal Talabani stressed Soviet friendship and support, others like Robert Rossow Jr., the American Charges d'Affaires in neighboring Azerbaijan, and historian William Linn Westermann branded the republic a Soviet puppet state.[8] This notion was also widespread amongst Kurdish tribal leaders, many of whom disagreed with Qazi's leadership.[9]

The Soviets were however generally ambivalent towards the Kurdish administration. They did not maintain a garrison near Mahabad and also did not have any civil agent of sufficient standing to exercise any great influence. They encouraged Qazi's administration by practical benevolent operations such as providing motor transport, keeping out the Iranian army, and buying the whole of the tobacco crop. On the other hand, the Soviets initially did not like the Kurdish administration's refusal to be absorbed into the larger Democratic Republic of (Persian) Azerbaijan, and discouraged the formation of an independent Kurdish state.[6] Following the fall of Mahabad, they however allowed for the safe passage of Mustafa Barzani and his followers into the Soviet Union.

On March 26, 1946, due to pressure from Western powers including the United States, the Soviets promised the Iranian government that they would pull out of northwestern Iran. In June, Iran reasserted its control over Iranian Azerbaijan. This move isolated the Republic of Mahabad, eventually leading to its destruction.
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Re: Kurds wanted independence since end of Ottomans Empire

PostAuthor: Anthea » Sat Mar 16, 2019 12:46 am

LET US NEVER FORGET

DERSIM
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Re: Kurds wanted independence since end of Ottoman Empire

PostAuthor: Anthea » Sun May 05, 2019 11:32 am

Dersim Genocide remembered
on 81st anniversary


4 May marks the 81st anniversary of the beginning of the Dersim Genocide. The Turkish government massacred thousands of people, those who survived were banished, Dersim was depopulated. The cause of these merciless acts was being Kurdish

Alevi organizations gathered in Kadıköy on Saturday under the leadership of the Federation of Dersim Associations (DEDEF) and the European Federation of Democratic Dersim Unions (ADEF). They organized a memorial event to commemorate those who lost their lives in the Dersim Massacre.

Dogan Guzel read the following statement:

81 years have passed, and yet Turkey is not willing to acknowledge this Genocide like many other Kurdish Genocides. Those responsible for the deaths of thousands of people have never been tried nor have they been brought out into light. The broken families could never discover their past.

Thousands of people still haven’t received news from their families and close friends. The whereabouts of the Kurdish children taken by the Turkish Government at the time are unknown.

Many other world countries who have had a similar experiences and committed genocide against its people have acknowledged the injustice and sorrow they have caused and have apologised.

However Turkey is continuing to resist and use “it does not exist” strategy with the Kurdish Genocide just as they have with the Armenian Genocide."

The military campaign against Dersim was mounted in response to a relatively minor incident, and it would seem that the army had been waiting for a direct reason to punish the tribes. One day in March 1937, a strategic wooden bridge was burned down and telephone lines cut. Seyyit Riza and the tribes associated with him were suspected.

The army may have believed this to be the beginning of the expected rebellion. One Turkish source mentions that there was around the same time another minor incident elsewhere in Kurdistan and suggests coordination by Kurdish nationalists.

The first troops, sent in to arrest the suspects, were stopped by armed tribesmen. The confrontations soon escalated. When the tribes kept refusing to surrender their leaders, a large campaign was mounted. Military operations to subdue the region lasted throughout the summer of 1937.

In September, Seyyit Riza and his closest associates surrendered, but the next spring the operations were resumed with even greater force. They must have been of unprecedented violence and brutality.

The number of slaughtered people ranged between 12 thousands, according to official figures, and 70-90 thousand according to the people of Dersim.

More than 10 thousand people were exiled.

Roj Bash Kurdistan has NEVER forgotten Dersim and will NEVER forgive the barbaric Turkish soldiers for their actions

Can Kurds ever be brothers with the barbaric inhuman Turks

    NO NEVER
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