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Yazidi UPDATES genocide has occurred and is ongoing

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Re: Yazidi UPDATES genocide has occurred and is ongoing

PostAuthor: Anthea » Wed Nov 18, 2020 11:44 pm

Yazidis shold handle Shingal security

Kurdistan Region Interior Minister Reber Ahmed has said the security and administration of the disputed district of Shingal should be handled by the “indigenous people” of the area, a month after an agreement was signed over governance in the area

Kurdish, Iraqi and UN officials met in Erbil on Tuesday to discuss the agreement, signed on October 9, which aims to resolve a number of issues preventing displaced Shingalis from returning to the area.

“The people of Shingal will be the only occupants of Shingal, anyone from outside of Shingal cannot manage its security, forces and governance,” Kurdistan Region Minister of Interior Reber Ahmed said during a press conference after the meeting in Erbil.

“Both sides have agreed that local administration, security and management should be handed back to the indigenous people of Shingal,” he added.

The meeting was attended by the Special Representative of the United Nations Secretary General (SRSG) for Iraq, Jeanine Hennis-Passchaert and Iraqi National Security Adviser Qasim al-Araji.

The district is the heartland of the Yazidi ethnoreligious community, the vast majority of whom remain displaced after the Islamic State (ISIS) genocide in August 2014.

Hundreds of people gathered in Shingal earlier this month to call on Erbil and Baghdad to speed up the implementation of the deal so that thousands of displaced Yazidis can return to their homeland.

Under the Erbil-Baghdad agreement, security for the disputed region will be Baghdad's responsibility.

“There won’t be any other force inside Sinjar (Shingal) other than Iraqi forces,” Araji said on Tuesday.

Security in the area is currently handled by a number of armed groups and militias, including the Iraqi army, Popular Mobilization Forces (PMF, also known as Hashd al-Shaabi), the Shingal Resistance Units (YBS, linked to the Kurdistan Workers’ Party), federal police, Ezidkhan Protection Forces and Peshmerga.

https://www.rudaw.net/english/middleeast/iraq/171120201
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Re: Yazidi UPDATES genocide has occurred and is ongoing

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Re: Yazidi UPDATES genocide has occurred and is ongoing

PostAuthor: Anthea » Thu Nov 26, 2020 1:10 am

YBS commander unhappy

A Yazidi militia leader in the disputed area of Shingal has condemned the Erbil-Baghdad agreement to resolve security and administration issues in the area, and has warned of “war” if the agreement is implemented

“If the agreement is implemented, Shingal could return to a period of war like it did in 2014,” Shingal Resistance Units (YBS) commander Haso Ibrahim said in an interview with Rudaw’s Tahsin Qasim on Tuesday.

“The people of Shingal do not want to go back to such a time,” said Ibrahim, who is also a leading figure in the Shingal Autonomous Council, a civil society administration formed by Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) affiliated groups to govern the district.

Shingal lies within areas disputed between the federal government in Baghdad and the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) in Erbil. The Yazidi population fled when the Islamic State (ISIS) overran the district in August 2014, committing genocide against the ethnoreligious community.

Various armed forces have vied for control of Shingal since its liberation from the terror group, including the YBS, which is linked to the PKK. The PKK helped save thousands of Yazidis stranded on Mount Shingal in 2014.

The Iraqi army took control of the region in 2017 after the Kurdistan Region’s independence referendum.

Baghdad reached a deal with the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) on October 9 over the governance and security of the disputed district.

Under the agreement, security for the troubled region will be the responsibility of the federal government, which will establish a new armed force recruiting from the local population and expel the PKK, according to details released on October 10.

Federal forces have been deployed to Shingal to secure the border with Syria, Nineveh province officials confirmed.

“Three brigades of Iraqi federal forces are placed on the border between Shingal and Syria in order to prevent any forces from going back and forth,” Deputy Governor of Ninevah province Sirwan Rozhbeyani told Rudaw on Tuesday.

The presence of PKK-linked groups in the district has brought further instability to the already vulnerable region, with Turkish airstrikes regularly hitting the area as a result of decades-long conflict with the PKK.

Displaced Yazidis and Shingal locals have called for a quick implementation of the agreement, so more Shingalis can return home.

"We ask the Kurdistan Regional Government and the central government to implement this agreement as soon as possible, for us to go back to our homes," Khelif Hassan told Rudaw earlier this month.

Officials in northeast Syria, or Rojava, have recently condemned the deal for its expulsion of non-federal forces.

“The Iraqi government and the Bashur [Kurdistan Region] government handed Shingal to ISIS wolves without a fight,” Head of Movement for a Democratic Society (TEV-DEM) Gharib Haso told Hawar News on Wednesday.

“The PKK defended the people of Shingal out of their humanitarian responsibility, and sacrificed a lot for the Yazidi community,” he added. “This deal does not benefit the Yazidi community.”

https://www.rudaw.net/english/middleeast/iraq/251120203

I agree with the establishment of a new armed force consisting solely of the local population

I further wish to see the UN establish a peacekeeping force

The Yazidis are a gentle people who deserve protection

Admittedly, the PKK along with other groups, helped to rescue many Yazidis

NONE of the groups or coalition members acted quickly enough to save many THOUSANDS of lives
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Re: Yazidi UPDATES genocide has occurred and is ongoing

PostAuthor: Anthea » Fri Nov 27, 2020 1:47 am

14-year-old Yazidi girl married

The marriage of a 51-year-old Yazidi man to a 14-year-old girl has been dissolved after causing controversy, according to a Yazidi official who said the man regrets the marriage

It is not clear when Sheikh Jouqi Salo, from the Doumiz area of Duhok province, married the girl, who is from Shingal. The union was not officially registered and has now been annulled, according to a Yazidi community representative.

“Their marriage has been dissolved,” Jawhar Ali Bag, a deputy to Mir Hazim Tahsin Beg, chief of the Yazidi community, told Rudaw late on Thursday. He said his office contacted Salo, who said he “made a mistake and is sorry and will not repeat such a thing.”

Their marriage was condemned when it became public this week.

According to Khayri Bozani, representative of Yazidis at the Kurdistan Regional Government’s (KRG) ministry of endowment, the Yazidi religion does not allow marriage under the age of 18. “What happened was a social affair and is not related to the government,” he told Rudaw.

The minimum age of marriage in the Kurdistan Region is 18, though a 16-year-old can marry with a judge’s order and the consent of their legal guardian. Anyone forcing someone into marriage, can face up to five years in jail.

According to 2018 data from Central Statistics Organization (CSO), which is affiliated with the Iraqi planning ministry, 1.8 percent of women reported marrying under the age of 15 in Duhok province and 8.1 percent reported marrying under the age of 18.

Aid agencies reported an increase in child marriage among displaced populations in difficult socio-economic and living conditions during the war against the Islamic State (ISIS).

Wednesday was the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women and the start of a 16-day global campaign against gender-based violence (GBV), including child and forced marriage.

https://www.rudaw.net/english/kurdistan/261120201
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Re: Yazidi UPDATES genocide has occurred and is ongoing

PostAuthor: Anthea » Sun Nov 29, 2020 4:38 pm

Armed groups partial compliance

A number of armed groups in Shingal district took down their flags over their offices on Friday and hoisted the Iraqi banner as instructed by the Iraqi government as part of a recent deal between Erbil and Baghdad over governance and security in the disputed region. Some groups, however, have refused to comply with the order

Dawoud Haji is a commander in the Shingal Resistance Units (YBS). He told Rudaw that they took their flag down today in downtown Shingal “as a sign of respect for the Iraqi government after the federal police arrived in the region to implement the deal.”

YBS is affiliated to the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) – an armed group fighting for the rights of Kurds in Turkey. Their positions have been targeted by Turkey many times. Some YBS units have refused to take down their flag.

A half dozen armed groups are operating in the Shingal district. They have been given two days to abide with the order or their flags will be taken down by force.

Baghdad reached a deal with the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) on October 9 over the governance and security of Shingal, which is disputed between the two governments.

Implementation of the agreement began last week with the deployment of some 6,000 federal police to the areas of Shingal that border Syria. “Three brigades of Iraqi federal forces are placed on the border between Shingal and Syria in order to prevent any forces from going back and forth,” Deputy Governor of Nineveh province Sirwan Rozhbayani told Rudaw on Tuesday.

Flying only the Iraqi flag is the second phase in the deal that will ultimately put federal forces in full control of Shingal’s security.

The Popular Mobilization Forces (PMF, known as Hashd al-Shaabi in Arabic) are also split on compliance with some units taking down their militia flags on Friday but others refusing to do so.

Khal Ali, PMF commander in Shingal, told Rudaw they have taken down their flags and will fully abide by the Erbil-Baghdad deal if all services are restored to the district. “If only the Iraqi flag remains raised in downtown Shingal, a [new] administration is formed to serve people, and municipalities, the mayor's office, schools and hospitals are back to service, then we will support it,” he said.

Yazidi House is a small armed group. It has been based on Mount Shingal since 2014. They fly the Iraqi flag alongside their own and have refused change.

“We want them to respect us and the fact that we have resisted [fought the Islamic State, ISIS]. Therefore, we want them to respect our flag,” said Ibrahim Murad, spokesperson for the force.

Many people in Shingal are opposed to Erbil-Baghdad deal, saying it is an agreement being imposed on the local population who were not consulted. Haso Ibrahim, a YBS commander, warned on Tuesday that forcing implementation of the deal could “return [Shingal] to a period of war like it did in 2014,” referring to the beginning of the ISIS attack on the district.

“The people of Shingal do not want to go back to such a time,” the commander told Rudaw.

Jeanine Hennis-Plasschaert, chief of the United Nations Assistance Mission Iraq (UNAMI), said during a virtual meeting of the UN Security Council on Tuesday that the agreement is “just a very first step.”

It’s a “chapter in which the interests of the people of Shingal will come first; in which reconstruction will be accelerated and public service delivery improved. A chapter in which displaced people of Shingal can return home,” she said.

Thousands of Yazidi families have not been able to return to their homes in the Shingal area, five years after ISIS militants were forced out, because of lack of reconstruction, no basic services, and ongoing insecurity.

https://www.rudaw.net/english/middleeast/iraq/271120203
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Re: Yazidi UPDATES genocide has occurred and is ongoing

PostAuthor: Anthea » Tue Dec 01, 2020 12:37 pm

YBS has agreed to withdraw from Shingal

The Shingal Resistance Units (YBS) have agreed to withdraw its forces from Iraq’s disputed district of Shingal (Sinjar in Arabic) and relocate their forces to Mount Shingal after meetings with Iraqi forces, several local sources confirmed to Rudaw

Now they need to leave Shingal completely

As of Tuesday lunchtime there were conflicting reports of whether the forces will begin withdrawing today from the district’s key towns of Sinune and Khanasor, in addition to the town of Shingal.

Khanasor council leader Dakheel Murad told Rudaw’s Tahsin Qasim on Monday that the all-Yezidi force has agreed to comply with a governance and security deal struck in October between federal Iraq and the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG).

Under the Erbil-Baghdad agreement, security for the troubled region will be Baghdad's responsibility. The federal government will have to establish a new armed force recruited from the local population and expel fighters from the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) and their affiliated groups, according to details released in October.

The YBS, a group affiliated with Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) had until recently stood against the Erbil-Baghdad deal, but meetings have seemingly changed the tone of the group’s leadership. They have yet to release a public statement explaining the decision.

“The YBS has been told to end its military presence in the town of Shingal for now, Khanasor and Sinune will follow after,” Haidar Shasho, commander of the Ezidkhan Protection Force in Shingal, a separate armed group with cordial relations with the YBS, told Rudaw English on Tuesday.

This decision has also caused disagreements within the YBS forces as members of the group have reportedly refused to adhere to the agreement.

Groups of people have reportedly gathered in front of security force offices in Khanasor, Shingal, and Sinune upon hearing news of the decision, calling on the militia group to not leave the areas.

Leadership in YBS had until quite recently expressed firm resistance to the deal.

“If the agreement is implemented, Shingal could return to a period of war like it did in 2014,” Shingal Resistance Units (YBS) commander Haso Ibrahim said in an interview with Rudaw’s Tahsin Qasim on November 24.

Implementation of the agreement began last week with the deployment of some 6,000 federal police to the areas of Shingal that border Syria.

“Three brigades of Iraqi federal forces are placed on the border between Shingal and Syria in order to prevent any forces from going back and forth,” Deputy Governor of Nineveh province Sirwan Rozhbayani told Rudaw on Tuesday.

YBS is one of some six armed groups currently operating in the area.

ALL armed groups should leave the Yazdi homelands

A top analyst at the International Crisis Group (ICG) has advised against the exclusion of the armed groups from decisions about the area's future.

"There are some tensions around this as it will create a new force and this could potentially be a competition with the others. So it will be very important for the implementation of this agreement to ensure that various factions are either integrated into this force or there are other alternatives to them," the ICG's senior Iraq analyst Lahib Higel told Rudaw in October.

https://www.rudaw.net/english/middleeast/iraq/011220201
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